History of ATi Graphics cards Vol. 1


On August 20, 1985, Lee Ka Lau, P. H. Lau, Kwok Yuen Ho, and Benny Lau from Hong Kong, China founded ATI as Array Technology Inc. in Canada.On December 18, 1985, it was renamed ATI Technologies Inc.

On June 24, 2006, AMD announced the acquisition of ATi for US$5.4 billion and completed the acquisition on October 25, 2006.

In the past 21 years, ATI has dedicated many beautiful graphics cards, even ATI cannot sort out the graphics card information. Many articles related to the history of ATI graphics cards are too superficial, which is not very helpful for computer hardware collectors. As a collector of computer hardware, the author writes a history of ATI graphics cards from the perspective of collection identification, focusing on introducing early ATI graphics cards and engineering sample graphics cards to create a collection guide for ATI graphics cards. In order to fully display the ATi graphics card, this article uses many pictures from collectors and websites. Thank you very much!

1.Graphics Solution series

At the beginning of its establishment, Working primarily in the OEM field, ATI produced integrated graphics cards for PC manufacturers such as IBM and Commodore.

ATI’s early graphics cards have very little information. Fortunately, almost all of them have passed the FCC ID certification, which is an important way to understand ATI graphics card models.

ATI's first product is Color Emulation Card. The card is equipped with 32KB DRAM memory. It was used for outputting text to a TTL monitor via a 9-pin DE-9 connector.

From Архивариус

Graphics Solution series graphics cards are based on Color Emulation Card, which is the earliest ATI graphics card and the earliest ATI graphics card that can be collected. The main chips and components of Ati's early graphics cards were not all developed by itself, but they were keen to put on the logo to declare the brand.

Graphics Solution series graphics cards have four models.

1.1 Graphics Solution

Graphics Solution is based on the UM6845E CRT controller, with the use of Central chip CW16800-A (ATI used ASIC technology to develop the first chip in October 1985), manufactured 8-bit ISA interface graphics card. This card uses the 64KB DRAM,supports Hercules Graphics Card mode and extended 132x25 / 132x44 text-modes on TTL Monochrome monitors,以及All CGA modes on both CGA/EGA and TTL Monochrome monitors。Composite output is available on an internal 3-pin connector (no support for colors, Works only in the 40x25 text-mode or 320x200 graphics modes)

Graphics Solution graphics cards have 3 revisions. Most of the ones that can be seen and collected are the REV 3 version, the REV 2 version is very rare, and the REV 1 or REV 0 version is only seen in the promotional pictures of ATi.

1.1.1 Graphics Solution REV 1


The Graphics Solution graphics card in the picture is from ATI's official announcement picture, which is undoubtedly an engineering sample. It may be REV 1 or even REV 0 . The display chip is Hitachi HD460505SP-1, not UM6845 commonly used by ATI.

1.1.2 Graphics Solution REV 2

PN 168228 Engineering Sample

This is the official announcement picture of ATI. Compared with the official product, there is only one row of jumpers in the upper right corner. Official product

The PCB layout of Graphics Solution graphics card REV 2 is very different from REV 1, and there is no difference from REV 3.

1.1.3 Graphics Solution REV 3


The figure below shows the full-interface Graphics Solution-SP.


The rare boxed Graphics Solution shows that ATI was unwilling to be behind the scenes. The "Wonder" that appeared on the box followed the products behind ATI. Once the "Wonder" is no longer there, ATI will disappear.

1.2 Graphics Solution Plus


Compared with the Graphics Solution, the Graphics Solution Plus graphics card only updates the Central chip to CW16800-B, and there are no other changes.

(From Vlask on vgamuseum.info)

Graphics Solution and Graphics Solution Plus graphics cards also have variants such as Serial/Parallel.

1.3 Graphics Solution-SR


The "SR" of Graphics Solution-SR is "Static RAM", that is, the Central chip is corrected to 16800-C (ATI CW16800-C) to support 64KB SRAM.

1.4 Small Wonder Graphics Solution

SMALL Wonder Graphics Solution is also known as Graphics Solution-SC. "SC" means "single chip", which means integrating the functions of multiple chips into the ATI 18700 chip. ATI 18700 is a graphics chip developed in 1988. ATI did not make a strong announcement. Maybe it was too low-end. Maybe it was overshadowed by the VGA Wonder launched in the same year.

The SMALL Wonder Graphics Solution series has 64KB DRAM/SRAM onboard, which seems to support expansion to 96/128KB.

SMALL Wonder Graphics Solution graphics card is equipped with ATI's first graphics chip, which is worth collecting.

1.4.1 Graphics Solution-SC Version 1



Graphics Solution-SC can also be referred to as GS-SC for short.

1.4.2 Graphics Solution-SC Version 2


Using 64KB SRAM memory instead of DRAM.

(From Palcal on vgamuseum.info)

1.4.3 Graphics Solution-SC Version 3




1.4.4 Graphics Solution-SC WITH GAME



Equipped with a game interface.

1.5 Other

Graphics Solution graphics cards were cost-effective at the time. In addition to being cloned, Graphics Solution chips were also used.

1.5.1 Sell chip

NYSE TECHNOLOGY purchased Central chip and related graphics card design, slightly modified to 990107-01 graphics card.
  1.5.2 Clone Graphics Solution

TANDY obtained the authorization of Graphics Solution to clone and use it directly.

2. EGA Wonder series

The ATI EGA Wonder series are some of the first graphics add on products for IBM PCs and compatibles introduced by ATI Technologies since 1986.These cards combine support for multiple graphics standards (and disPlays) into a single card. Since these graphics cards have better performance than IBM's display systems, they have attracted the attention of computer manufacturers and users!

ATI uses CHIPS EGA chips in the EGA Wonder series, and ATI's first VGA graphics card V.I.P. also uses CHIPS chips. After that, ATI also quickly developed a VGA display chip and released the VGA Wonder series of graphics cards. Since then, it has used its own chips to produce graphics cards.

EGA Wonder series products have added EPROM to store settings, but they still can’t automatically detect the type of display, and need to be switched through the DIP Switch on the display card. EGA Wonder series graphics cards are equipped with 256KB video memory.

2.1 EGA Wonder


Sales began shortly after passing FCCID certification on November 13, 1986.

Use CHIPS 82C431+82C432+82C433+82C434 chip, and ATI Central chip CW16800-A. Supports CGA, Hercules mono & EGA graphics modes. 256KB DRAM, 8-bit ISA bus.

2.1.1 PN 16890

The EGA Wonder pictured below is an ATI Official announcement picture, It is an engineering sample. Some of ATI's early engineering samples used special PN numbers.

EGA Wonder Engineering Sample

2.1.2 PN 16891

EGA Wonder Release Year 1986

(From worthpoint.com)

2.1.3 PN 16892

EGA Wonder Release Year 1987

2.2 EGA Wonder 800


Use CHIPS P86C435 +ATI16899-0 (Clock generator chip) chip. Supports CGA, Hercules mono & EGA graphics modes, adding 16-color VGA display mode (800×600). 256kb DRAM, 8-bit ISA bus.

Before EGA Wonder 800, there is a model of FCCID: EXM5RSEGA1, but the information is not detailed, it may be a transitional model, and there are not many mass productions.
EGA Wonder 800 later Cost reduced model. Soldered DRAM. No feature connector or composite became EGA Wonder 480.

2.3 EGA Wonder 800+


In fact, it is the VGA Wonder graphics card that removes the VGA function and retains the EGA function.

(From Vlask on vgamuseum.info)
2.4 V.I.P. (VGA Improved Performance)


1987-10-1 passed FCCID certification and started to sell in early December.

This is the first VGA card from ATi. It supports for EGA/VGA Softsense automatic mode switching (DIP switch selectable). The actual VGA controller on this card is the Chips P82C441 supporting a max. clock of 30 MHz.9-pin TTL and 15-pin analogue connectors.

3. VGA Wonder series

VGA Wonder was launched in 1988. It is ATI's first-generation graphics chip and the true core product of the VGA era. The VGA Wonder graphics card adds an EPROM for storing settings, which can automatically detect the display type. Later also supports SVGA display mode. There are mainly 5 types of VGA Wonder graphics cards, with 512KB/1MB of video memory, to cope with the 2D image display that does not require high graphics cards. The performance of these graphics cards has been improved compared to EGA Wonder, and ATI has become famous ever since.

3.1 VGA Wonder

Use ATI18800/18800-1 chip, 256/512KB DRAM memory.

ATI VGA Wonder Scheduled to ship in July 1988.

High-resolution drivers are the same as those included with the V.I.P. board.Maybe ATI bought the VGA graphics technology from CHIPS.

3.1.1 VGA Wonder Engineering Sample

VGA Wonder is an 8-bit ISA interface. The official announcement picture appeared in July 1988 and is an engineering sample.
  3.1.2 VGA Wonder


VGA Wonder is also called VGA Wonder-8, with 256KB DRAM.

(From Palcal on vgamuseum.info)

3.1.3 VGA Wonder-16

Use ATI18800/18800-1 chip with 256-512 KB video memory.

The -16 in the graphics card model indicates that it is a 16-bit ISA bus. The early version of VGA Wonder-16 is Taofeng ATI 18800 chip, four large crystal oscillators, and golden top RAMDAC. The picture below is the REV 2 version, the PCB date is 8910WEEKS, and the REV 1 is a green PCB board. The full picture and collection are not visible.

VGA Wonder-16 has many board types, including FCCID: EXM5RSVGA2, EXM5RSVGAV4 (PN 109006300), EXM5RSVGAV5 (PN 109007200).

The OEM version of VGA Wonder-16 includes VGA 640, VGA Basic, VGA800, VGA 1024, etc.

3.2 VGA Edge

ATI VGA Wonder Cost Reduced version is VGA Edge, there are VGA Edge-8 and VGA Edge-16. Use ATI18800-1 display chip with 256 KB video memory.

3.2.1 VGA Edge-8

The picture of VGA Edge-8 is missing. The official announcement picture in July 1990 is actually an engineering sample picture of VGA Wonder-8.

VGA Edge-8(VGA Wonder-8 ES)

VGA Wonder-8 removes the VGA interface and related components to become EGA Wonder 800+, presumably removing the EGA interface and related components is VGA Edge-8.

3.2.2 VGA Edge-16

PN 109008500 FCCID:EXM1024V5

VGA Edge-16 passed the FCCID date on March 20, 1990, and the actual retail sale was around July 1990.

(From Vlask on vgamuseum.info)

3.3 VGA Wonder+


The Graphics chip ATI 28800-2, -4, or -5 256-512KB DRAM/VRAM, the chip integration is higher, and the version is more compact.

VGA Wonder+ passed FCCID certification date is October 29, 1990, retail date is relatively close.

(FROM ctesales)

There are 5 sub-models of VGA Wonder+, the VRAM version of VGA Wonder+ (FCCID:EXMVGAVM1). The OEM version has VGA 640, VGA800 (FCCID: EXMVGADM2P1), VGA 1024, VGA 1024D.

3.4 VGA Basic-16

Graphics chip ATI 28800-2, -4, or -5 256—512KB DRAM/VRAM

VGA Basic-16 is modified based on VGA Wonder+, which cancels mouse support, reduces PCB size and uses lower frequency RAMDAC.

3.4.1 Engineering Sample

PN 109010400 FCCID:

The official announcement picture of VGA Basic-16 is an engineering sample, the version number is REV PQ, PN is 9 digits, one digit less than the official product, which may be the reason for the engineering sample.

3.4.1 Official product

PN 1090010400 FCCID:

(From Palcal on vgamuseum.info)

The VGA Integra (PN 109P014210 FCCID: EXMBVGA) to be sold later uses a PCB similar to VGA Basic-16, and the chip is ATI 28800-5.

OEM version has VGA Charger and VGA 1024D (PN 109P014400 FCCID:EXMBVGA1M).

3.5 VGA Wonder XL


The FCCID passed the date 1991/7/26.

VGA Wonder XL is an enhanced version designed on the basis of VGA Wonder+. The video memory can reach up to 1MB. The high-end RAMDAC supports a higher refresh rate. The chip uses 28800-5 or 28800-6.

In 1992, the VGA Wonder XL24, the highest-end VGA Wonder display card supporting 24-bit true color mode, was released.

The OEM version has VGA 1024DXL.

(From Palcal on vgamuseum.info)


In 1991, VGA Stereo·F/X is a combo card that ATI integrated the functions of VGA Wonder XL graphics card and Stereo·F/X sound card. worth collecting. The VGAudio FX board and Audio FX board will be shipped in the third quarter.

3.6.1 VGA Stereo·F/X

3.6.2 Stereo·F/X

ATI has produced two sound cards. In addition to the Stereo·F/X with 8-bit ISA interface, there is also a Stereo·F/X CD with 16-bit ISA interface.

4. Mach8 series

In the late 1980s and early 1990s, the era of DOS operating system, computers did not require high display technology. The graphics card at that time was called a display adapter, and its only function was image output, while the real graphics operations all depended on the CPU. With the advent of the Microsoft Windows operating system, the previous display adapters were overwhelmed. With the development of technology and the application of various software, the demand for computer graphics interface is getting higher and higher, and the Mach series came into being.

The ATI Mach8 line was a series of 2D graphics accelerators for personal computers developed by ATI Technologies.Being one of the first graphics accelerator chips on the market, the Mach 8 did not have an integrated VGA core. It was essentially a clone of the IBM 8514/A .

The Mach8 chip was sampled in September 1989, and the Mach8 graphics card was finalized in November 1990, and finally sold in early 1991. It is ATI's second-generation graphics chip.

4.1 8514/Ultra


Ati 38800 CHIP,1MB VRAM.

The FCCID certification passed date is January 23, 1991.

This is ATI's first 2D graphics accelerator card optimized for Windows, but like IBM's 8514/A, it can only handle 2D graphics operations but cannot provide VGA output.

ATi 8514/Ultra is addon accelerator with dual bus options 16-bit/16-bit ISA and MCA。

4.1.1 PN 1090011300

The picture below is a picture of the 8514/Ultra graphics card on the 8514/Ultra graphics box. Both the graphics card and the graphics accelerator chip are engineering samples. In this period, the two digits after PN are 00 are engineering samples.

4.1.2 PN 1090011320

Official product

4.2 Graphics Ultra


Based on ATI 28800-6 main display chip, equipped with 512KB DRAM video memory, ati 38800-1 graphics processing chip, equipped with 1MB VRAM video memory.

4.3 8514/Ultra AT BUS

PN 1090011710 FCCID:EXM8514VMAT1

8514/Ultra AT BUS used ATI38800 graphics processing chip, 1MB VRAM video memory, ISA interface.

(From ctesales)

There is also a MAC interface version of 8514/Ultra MCA BUS, FCCID: EXM8514MC. All have OEM version.

Later, there was 8514 Vantage AT dedicated to OEM, FCCID: EXMVANAT1, 1MB   DRAM video memory, ISA interface.

4.4 Graphics Vantage


(From Pirx on vgamuseum.info)

Graphics Vantage is similar to Graphics Ultra, but it is equipped with 512KB +1MB DRAM video memory.

The Mach 8 series has not gained much commercially, and ATI even renamed Graphics Ultra to VGA Wonder

GT tried to rely on the fame of the previous generation "VGA Wonder" to open up sales.
5. Mach32 series

In April 1992, ATI released the Mach 32 graphics card with integrated graphics controller and graphics accelerator. The "32" in Mach 32 refers to the 32-bit architecture design, and the GUI 2D graphics acceleration capability is added for the first time. It supports ISA/EISA/VESA/MCA interfaces. Since ATI is a participant in the VESA Local Bus specification formulated in August 1992, the Mach 32 graphics card has become an earlier graphics card that supports 32bit VLB interfaces.

Nov. 16-20 COMDEX Fall '92,ATI Technologies Inc. announced the first Windows accelerator chip designed to support Intel’s PCI local bus specification.

On April 30, 1993, after the establishment of the PCI standard led by INTEL, ATI first developed the MACH32 graphics card with PCI interface.

The Mach 32 graphics card has graphics processing capabilities, which is different from the previous VGA Card that simply has the display function. The Mach 32 graphics card is a graphics accelerator card called Graphics Card.

5.1 Graphics Ultra Pro

PN 1090018940 FCCID:EXM688VM1


5.1.1 ISA

Graphics chip: Mach32 (68800-3/6)

The FCCID certification was passed on August 11, 1992. In September, the first Graphics Ultra Pro and Graphics Ultra+ with ISA interface were released.

The OEM model has ISA mach32.

5.1.2 EISA

PN 109-19100-30 FCCID:EXM688VME1

Mach 32 (68800-3/6)

(From Pepino on vgamuseum.info)

5.1.3 MCA

Mach 32 (68800-3/6)

PN 109-19200-20 FCCID:EXM192

5.1.4 VESA

68800-3/6 VRAM

PN 1090019530 FCCID:EXM195

The chip of the Graphics Ultra Pro graphics card below is an early version of Mach32 (68800-3), and the Mach32 logo has not yet been printed. The chip date on the card is 9238 weeks, which is the release date of the ISA version in mid-September, and the PCB date is 9242 weeks, which is mid-October. Also, the latest date of the components on the card is 9243 weeks, and the release year on the PCB is 1992.

Graphics Ultra Pro's VESA interface prototype card has been evaluated in October. Its performance is slightly higher than the ISA interface Graphics Ultra Pro, which is much higher than the VESA interface S3 86C911 and ET4000 chip graphics cards.In November, brand computers started using Graphics Ultra Pro with VESA interface.It can be seen that it should be available for retail sale in November 1992. Later than the ISA interface version. DRAM

FCCID:EXM229 OEM Graphics Ultra XLR

PN 109-19500-50 FCCID:EXM195A

PN began to be divided into three segments. The U32 of the card below is for RAMDAC bit. I don’t know how to insert EPROM, can I still implant OEM information?

(From Palcal on vgamuseum.info) VLB Mach32-D

PN 1090019630 FCCID:EXM196

There are also VLB mach32-D 1MBDRAM, Graphics Ultra CLX VLB 2MBDRAM.

VLB mach32-D

(From dependency-injection.com)

5.1.5 PCI

Chip: 68800 AX, 1/2 RAM

The Mach32 PCI interface version of the chip is 68800 AX, and the 68800-3/6 chip cannot be used directly. The 68800 AX redesign took more than a year. The first to be launched is Graphics Ultra Pro with VRAM memory version. VRAM Engineering Sample

PN 109-23000-00C FCCID:

The FCCID certification was passed on October 19, 1993 (9343 weeks). The PCB date of this engineering sample graphics card is 9332 weeks, and the display chip is PROTOTYPE.

I quoted a lot of engineering sample graphics card pictures above, which are just pictures.

This engineering sample graphics card picture is a real picture. It is the earliest engineering sample graphics card known in the collection of computer hardware collectors. It is also the earliest PCI graphics card. Official product

PN 109-23000-10 FCCID:EXM230A DRAM Engineering Sample

PN 109-25400-00C FCCID:EXM254A

The PCB date of this engineering sample graphics card is 9334 weeks, and the display chip is the official version. The chip date is 9332 weeks, the date is very early. It shows that the development of these two kinds of Graphics Ultra Pro graphics cards is almost simultaneous. Official product

PN 109-25400-30 FCC ID:EXM254A

OEM models are Graphics Ultra AXO and PCI mach32-D.


5.2 Graphics Ultra+

PN 1090019340 FCCID:EXM688DM1

ATI 68800-3/6,ISA, 1/2MB DRAM

(From Palcal on vgamuseum.info)

The time for FCCID certification is August 18, 1992.

OEM model has ISA mach32

5.3 Graphics Wonder


5.3.1 ISA Engineering Sample

PN 109-22801-00B FCCID:EXM228M

The official announcement picture is an engineering sample, and “B” is added at the end of the third paragraph of PN, and “00B” is the label of the engineering sample. Official product

PN 109-22800-10 FCCID:EXM228

(From echelonii )

5.3.2 VESA

PN 109-23400-00 FCCID:EXM234

(From Palcal on vgamuseum.info)

Graphics Ultra Pro (FCCID: EXM229) was later partly called Graphics Wonder.

OEM Version of VGA 1024 VLB. It is based on Mach32, but it is placed in the VGAWonder series.

6. Mach64 series

The further development of graphics technology makes personal computers enter the multimedia era from graphics. In 1994, ATI released the Mach64 chip, which is ATI's fourth-generation graphics chip. It has created many famous firsts. It was the world's first chip to support color conversion from YUV to RGB at that time, and it was a milestone for personal computers to provide video acceleration. It became the first graphics card adapter to be used on PC and Mac computers in the form of Xclaim, and provides full-motion video playback acceleration like S3's Trio.

6.1 Graphics Pro Turbo

Mach64 GX,2/4 MB VRAM

Graphics Pro Turbo graphics card was first released, its PCI and VESA Local Bus Versions ship in April 1994; an ISA Version ship in May.

6.1.1 PCI

PN 109-25500-20 FCC ID:EXM255

Graphics memory daughter card

PN 109-26400-0

There are Graphics Pro Turbo 1600, 4MB VRAM, 220Mhz RAMDAC (IBM 37RGB514), Video Card Maximum resolution: 1600 X 1200 non-interlaced.

6.1.2 VESA

PN 109-26900-30 FCC ID:EXM269

6.1.3 ISA

PN 109-28100-00 FCC ID:EXM281

6.2 Xclaim GA

Xclaim GA is ATI's first graphics card to support Mac computer systems.

6.2.1 Apple monitor port

PN 109-32900-10 FCC ID:EXM329

6.2.2 Apple+VGA monitor port

PN 109-33200-10 FCC ID:EXM332

4MB VRAM ,220Mhz RAMDAC(IBM 37RGB514)。
  6.3 Win Turbo

Mach64 GX2 MB VRAM

Similar to GRAPHICS Pro Turbo, without the memory upgrade board, non-upgradable to 4MB video memory, or only 2MB video memory. There are PCI, VESA, ISA interface versions.

There are also specially designed Win Turbo graphics cards, such as:

PN 109-23600-10 FCC ID:EXM236

(From Palcal on vgamuseum.info)

OEM products have PCI and VESA interface versions.

6.4 Graphics Xpression


On sale in June 1994

6.4.1 PCI Mach64 GX

PN 109-25400-43 FCC ID:EXM254A Mach64 CX

PN 109-30200-10 FCC ID: EXM254A (It should be EXM302, it may not pass.)

(From Palcal on vgamuseum.info)

6.4.2 VESA

Mach64 GX1/2 MB

PN 109-30300-00 FCC ID: EXM301 (also a bit messy here)

(From hattix.co.uk)

6.4.3 ISA

Mach64 GX1/2 MB DRAM

PN 109-19300-10 FCC ID:EXM193

(From Pirx on vgamuseum.info)

6.5 Win Boost

Mach64 GX1/2 MB DRAM

Mach64 CT1/2 MB DRAM

More distinctive is the PCI interface graphics card with Mach64 CT chip(Cost-reduced Mach64 with integrated RAMDAC and clock chip) and 1/2 MB display memory:

PN 109-33100-10 FCC ID:EXM331

6.6 Win Charger

Mach64 CT1/2 MB DRAM

PN 109-32100-20 FCC ID:EXM321

(From Palcal on vgamuseum.info)

6.7 Video Xpression

Mach64 VT/VT2,1/2 MB DRAM,PCI

PN 109-34000-00 FCC ID:EXM340

On sale around April 1996.

(From Palcal on vgamuseum.info)

OEM products include Video Boost.

6.8 Video Xpression+


December 2, 1996 ATI Technologies Inc. has introduced the VIDEO XPRESSION+, providing superior TV-quality video and 2D graphics acceleration.

PN 109-40900-10 FCC ID:EXM409

6.9 Video-It!& Video Basic

ATI’s 68890 PC TV decoder chip was announced in mid-November 1993. The 68890 chip was first used on the Video-It! card. Video-It! was launched in June 1994. With the help of the onboard Intel i750PD VCP (Video Compression Processor), the chip can capture video at 320x240 @ 15 fps or 160x120 @ 30 fps, and can compress/decompress in real time. "Video Basic" without onboard Intel i750PD chip can only capture video at 320x240 @ 10 fps or 160x120 @ 24 fps.

PN 109-28500-00 FCC ID:EXM285

6.10 ATI TV

October 28, 1996 ATI Technologies Inc. announced that its multi-function "smart" ATI-TV tuner card is now shipping. ATI-TV is the most feature-rich TV tuner card Enable Windows Internet TV, zoom in, capture videos from TV shows or camcorders, watch PC video clips, and still enjoy fast graphics processing.

PN 109-34100-10 FCC ID:EXM341
7. Rage 3D series

In the mid-1990s, the development of graphics technology reached a new peak. Traditional 2D display technology has long been unable to meet the demand, especially in the game field. The embryonic form of 3D has emerged. Many graphics manufacturers have launched the first generation of 3D graphics cards, such as NVIDIA's NV1, Matrox's Mlennium and Mystique, PowerVR's PCX1, S3's Virge3D and so on. ATI also launched the first-generation 3D graphics chip 3D Rage to enter the 3D battlefield.

3D Rage is ATI's fifth-generation graphics chip. The 2D core inherits from Mach64 and adds 3D processing functions. It has a rendering pipeline and a TMU; the process is 0.5 microns, equipped with 2MB DRAM memory, and supports MPGE-1 hardware acceleration , Is ATI's fifth-generation graphics chip. However, although it provides 3D acceleration features such as light source processing, it does not support hardware Z-buffer, so it is not a true 3D chip.

3D RageAnnounced date is 13th of November 1995, Release Date is March 31, 1996. The actual release date may be a bit later, after all, its product advertisement was only launched in August 1996.

7.1 3D Xpression

PN 109-34000-00 FCC ID:EXM340

In the era of Rage, ATi rarely passes FCC ID certification, and every type of graphics card does not have FCCID, but the information is abundant, and the identification of graphics cards is not difficult.

The graphics card that uses the 3D Rage chip only has 3D Xpression, which is particularly common because it directly uses the PCB board of Video Xpression. As a result, there is no picture of the graphics card in the ATI advertisement, only the words "RAGE 3D" are highlighted.

3D Xpression

7.2 Sell chip

Entering the 3D era, ATI is still OEM and selling chips. The 3D Rage display chip is used by PASTEL on the TGS-5700 TV card, which really proves that the 3D performance of 3D Rage is really not surprising. Of course, it also pointed a way to ATI-All In Wonder.


8. Rage II series

3D Rage quickly faded out of the market due to compatibility issues. Six months later, on September 5, 1996, ATI released a new and improved 3D Rage II. 3D Rage II is the first 3D chip in the true sense. 3D RAGE II has corrected the compatibility problem of 3D RAGE. The 2D aspect uses the redesigned MACH 64 GUI engine, and the 2D performance is increased by 20%. 3D Rage II supports bilinear, trilinear filtering, Z-buffer and some Direct3D material blending modes, but the pixel filtering is only slightly better than S3's ViRGE, which can only be regarded as quite satisfactory compared to other products at the time. The video memory is matched with a single-cycle EDO of 2 to 4 MB or a high-speed SGRAM. The 3D RAGE II chip is compatible with 3D RAGE feet. In addition, MPEG-2 (DVD) playback function has been added. This chip also supports Direct3D, OpenGL and other drivers. The driver also supports Windows 95, Windows NT, Mac OS and OS/2 operating systems. ATI also equips RAGE II with ImpacTV TV encoding chip.

Rage II series chips include Rage II, Rage II+DVD, and Rage LT.

8.1 3D Xpression+ PC2TV

Rage II/Rage II+DVD,2/4 MB SDRAM

September 13, 1996 - ATI Technologies Inc.launched the first graphics accelerator board to offer both powerful 3D acceleration and a TV out capability -- the 3D XPRESSION+ PC2TV.

Providing the highest quality 3D rendering and fast 2D acceleration , the 3D XPRESSION+ PC2TV features ATI's ImpacTV which allows output directly to a TV screen, even a large-screen TV.

8.2 3D Xpression+

PN 109-38500-00 FCC ID:EXM385

3D Xpression+ is 3D Xpression+ PC2TV that cancels the video output of ImpacTV.

(From Vlask on vgamuseum.info)

8.3 3D Pro Turbo PC2TV

Rage II/Rage II+DVD,2/4 SGRAM

September 18, 1996,ATI Technologies Inc., announced the 3D Pro Turbo PC2TV.

3D Pro Turbo PC2TV equipped with ImpacTV video output.

8.3.1 Early

PN 109-40700-00

The early 3D Pro Turbo PC2TV used EPROM.

8.3.2 Late

PN 109-37900-00

The later 3D Pro Turbo PC2TV uses EEPROM.

(From Palcal on vgamuseum.info)

8.4 3D Pro Turbo


3D Pro Turbo is 3D Pro Turbo PC2TV that cancels the video output of ImpacTV.

The castrated Version of Xclaim 3D is also 3D Pro Turbo.

PN 109-38200-00 FCC ID:EXM382

PN 109-34600-10

2MB SGRAM Graphics memory daughter card

8.5 Xclaim 3D


PN 109-39200-00

August 7, 1996 - ATI Technologies Inc announced the Xclaim 3D graphics accelerator。

PN 109-38000-00


8.6 Xclaim VR


PN 109-37100-00

August 7, 1996 - ATI Technologies Inc. announced Xclaim VR, a 3D graphics and multimedia accelerator that brings arcade-quality, big screen TV gaming plus a full suite of multimedia features to PCI enabled Macintosh systems.

Xclaim TV, which was launched on the same day, the external TV tuner that brings the world of broadcast TV to the Mac desk top. For use with ATI's Xclaim VR, the 3D and multimedia accelerator.

8.7 All In Wonder


PN 109-38600-00

November 11, 1996 ATI Technologies Inc. announced the All-In-Wonder 3D accelerator and multimedia board for Pentium PCs that provides no fewer than seven of the most sought-after features by gamers and multimedia enthusiasts - (1) fast 3D acceleration, (2) 64-bit 2D performance, (3) TV-quality video acceleration, (4) still and motion video capture, (5) advanced TV tuner capabilities, (6) flicker-free TV-out for big screen viewing and (7) stereo TV audio for high quality stereo sound.

8.8 TV Wonder

TV Wonder

PN 109-56700-11

9. 3D Rage Pro series

September 18, 1996。ATI Technologies Inc., announced the 3D PRO, the newest member of its high-performance 3D, 2D and video accelerator family.

The 3D Rage Pro chip has a new triangle setting engine, and the perspective correction algorithm has also been improved. At the same time, distance blur and transparency effects have been enhanced; reflective highlight effects and enhanced video playback functions have also been added, especially DVD playback. The 3D Rage Pro chip supports AGP 2X, making MPEG-2 acceleration performance even further. 3D Rage Pro supports up to 8MB SGRAM or 16MB WRAM.

9.1 Xpert@ Play

May 19, 1997 ATI Technologies Inc announced the Xpert@Play , the graphics accelerator add-in board that will set new standards for gaming, multimedia and mainstream graphics acceleration applications. Xpert@Play provides 3D, 2D and DVD video acceleration and connects to a large screen TV, monitor or VCR.

Xpert@ Play that cancels the video output of ImpacTV2 is Xpert@ Work.

The following takes the PCI interface as an example to introduce Xpert@Play graphics card.

9.1.1 Engineering Sample?

PN 109-41900-00A

The PN 109-41900-00A of this card, 00A of which looks like an engineering sample, is actually an early product, which is an error in the production process.

9.1.2 Official product

PN 109-41900-00

(From Palcal on vgamuseum.info)

9.2 Xpert@ Work

May 26, 1997 ATI Technologies Inc. announced the Xpert@Work, the graphics accelerator that sets the new standard for Windows NT and Windows 95 performance and productivity. With superior 2D, 3D and video acceleration.

The Xpert@Work Based on ATI's new 3D RAGE PRO component, a powerful 230MHz DAC and up to 8MB memory, the Xpert@Work offers flicker-free 85Hz refresh rates at 1600x1200.

The following takes the AGP interface as an example to show the Xpert@Work graphics card, which also reproduces the development process of the ATI graphics card more completely.

9.2.1 Engineering Sample

PN 109-40200-00B

Xpert@Work Engineering Sample

9.2.2 Qualification Sample

PN 109-40200-00

Xpert@Work Qualification Sample

9.2.3 Official product

PN 109-40200-20


9.3 Xpert 98

Rage Pro Turbo

Xpert 98 is the ultimate gaming experience in Windows 98.

Some Xpert 98 graphics cards are Xpert@Play /Xpert@Work graphics cards that cancel the video memory expansion slot.

9.3.1 PCI


PN 109-41900-10

9.3.2 AGP

PN 109-49800-10

(From Palcal on vgamuseum.info)

9.4 Xclaim 3D Pro

PN 109-42900-00

(From zigsow.jp)

9.5 Xclaim VR Pro

PN 109-43100-00

Graphics memory daughter card

PN 109-42000-00

9.6 Nexus GA

July 28, 1997 ATI announces Nexus GA for Apple computers.

NEXUS GA has 8/16MB WRAM, is a high-performance 2D and 3D graphics board developed with the professional graphics designer in mind. can noticeably improve the graphics disPlay capabilities. Featuring leading 2D performance, including true color at highest resolutions, plus 3D functionality.

PN 109-42600-00

PN 109-42700-00

Graphics memory daughter card

9.7 3D Charger

ATI's 3D CHARGER graphics board provides low cost solutions for OEMs and System Integrators (this is not a retail product).

The chips are 3D Rage Pro PCI, 3D Rage II + DVD, these two chips can be used in the same board, PCI interface. There is also RAGE IIC chip.

9.7.1 3D Rage II+ DVD

PN 109-38800-00

9.7.2 3D Rage Pro

PN 109-40600-00

(From Palcal on vgamuseum.info)

9.7.3 Rage IIC

January 12, 1998

ATI Technologies Inc. announced the RAGE IIC AGP graphics accelerator, a low-cost 2D, 3D and video chip, ideal for cost-sensitive AGP corporate systems. RAGE IIC AGP is pin-compatible with ATIís performance-leading and market-leading RAGE PRO components

9.7.3 1 AGP

PN 109-48300-00 PCI

PN 109-40600-10

(From Zaatharen on vgamuseum.info)

9.8 Xpert LCD


PN 109-47200-00



Xclaim 3D PLUS features all the powerful 2D and 3D graphics acceleration of Xclaim 3D, plus, it is the first to bring the cutting edge Digital Flat Panel (DFP) disPlays to PCI Mac.

9.9.1 Engineering Sample

PN 109-54100-00A

9.9.2 Official product

PN 109-54100-00

(From vgamuseum.ru)

9.10 Xpert XL

January 11, 1999 ATI Technologies Inc.announced the RAGE XL and RAGE XC general purpose graphic accelerator chips. The two new .25 micron graphics chips,full AGP (Accelerated Graphics Port) 2X acceleration.

The RAGE XL is the world's first volume graphics chip . RAGE XL support for TFT panels extends to 1280x1024 resolution, and use of Ratiometric expansion technology ensures that images can be scaled to any screen size.

The RAGE XL and RAGE XC are software compatible with all RAGE PRO designs, and pin compatible with RAGE 128 chip.

PN 109-66700-01

(From Palcal on vgamuseum.info)

9.11 All In Wonder Pro

PN 109-44600-30

10. Rage 128 series

In 1998, the battle for 3D graphics cards intensified this year. At this time, NVIDIA, 3DFX, MATROX, S3 and other manufacturers have launched a series of excellent products. ATI’s Rage 128 competitors are VOODOO 2 and TNT. ATI’s goal is to surpass the latter two in terms of performance. At that time, ATI seemed to have done it, especially in terms of image quality.

Rage 128 Release Date August 1st, 1998, is ATI's first 128bit 3D chip, supporting AGP 4X interface and hardware MPEG-2 acceleration. One of the major selling points of this product is that it is specifically designed for 32bit colors. The performance drop from 16bit color to 32bit color is less than 5%, which was quite amazing at the time. In terms of performance, the RAGE 128 launched by ATI was not the top at the time, but the RAGE 128 wins in all performance indicators are very average. Not only does it still have an advantage in DVD dynamic interpolation compensation, it also supports VIVO and ALL-IN-Wonder graphics card versions, which are very powerful multimedia graphics cards. Rage 128 is also divided into high and low models Rage 128 GL and Rage 128 VR (64bit) to face different user groups.

10.1 Rage Fury

It was first released in November 1998 and went on sale around the beginning of 1999.

Up to 32MB frame buffer for realistic 3D gamePlay with massive textures and high resolutions Powered by ATI RAGE 128 GL, a true 128-bit graphics engine 32-bit true color 3D acceleration (16.7 million colors) and up to 1920x1200 without significant drop in game frame rates.

10.1.1 Engineering Sample

PN 109-51900-00A

The official announcement picture of Rage Fury is an engineering sample.

10.1.2 Official product

PN 109-51900-01

Entering the era of Rage 128, with the improvement of performance, the chip generates a lot of heat and begins to use heat sink.

10.2 Xpert 128

PN 109-51800-01

Rage 128 GL 16MB

(From Palcal on vgamuseum.info)

10.3 Xpert 2000

PN 109-66500-00

Rage 128 VR 64-bit 32MB

(From Vlask on vgamuseum.info)

10.4 Rage Magnum

PN 109-50500-00/109-51900-00


(From Palcal on vgamuseum.info)

10.5 Xpert 99

PN 109-52000-01

The value-packed 8MB 3D, 2D and DVD video accelerator


(From Vlask on vgamuseum.info)

10.6 XCLAIM VR 128

PN 109-57400-00

10.7 Rage Orion

RAGE ORION uses RAGE 128 GLchip, 16 MB graphics memory.

PN 109-57400-00

10.8 NEXUS 128

NEXUS 128 is a powerful, 128-bit graphics force in the studio. This ultra-fast graphics accelerator board supports ultra-high resolutions of 1920x1200 in both 2D and 3D.

True color (32-bit) Workstation graphics

128-bit 2D/3D acceleration

32MB of powerful graphics memory

Ultra-high resolution support up to 1920x1200

PN 109-57500-00A

NEXUS 128 Official announcement picture(Engineering Sample)

10.9 All In Wonder 128

October 14, 1999 ATI announces the 32MB All-in-Wonder 128, the most versatile combination TV, video and graphics board on the market.Features advanced dbx stereo TV tuner, Digital VCR, Video Capture, Real-time video compression and DTV readiness.

PN 109-53400-11
11. Rage 128 Pro series

In 1999, NVIDIA gradually emerged as a king in the 3D graphics card battle, and it has the potential to succeed the former king of 3DFX. At that time, NVIDIA was the first to launch the revolutionary GeForce 256. Although ATI's Rage 128 Pro was excellent, it could not compete with the powerful and advanced GeForce 256. Later, ATI adopted Dual ASIC dual-chip technology to launch the "Aurora project"

April 6, 1999 ATI Technologies Inc. announced the performance-enhanced RAGE 128 PRO AGP 4X chips: the best of class RAGE 128 PRO GL for entry level Workstation and high end PC markets and the cost effective RAGE 128 PRO VR for mainstream commercial and consumer markets.First chip in the world to integrate a DVI-compliant TMDS transmitter

11.1 Rage Fury Pro

August 5, 1999 ATI Technologies Inc. announced the 32MB RAGE FURY PRO. The RAGE FURY PRO offers performance up to 50 per cent faster in 3D Winbench performance and up to 40 per cent faster frame rates in Quake III at 1,024 x 768 in 32-bit than the previous RAGE FURY.

The RAGE FURY PRO's 32MB of memory can handle even the most texture-laden games and its 32-bit true color capability is ideal for performance gaming and high end 3D and video applications.

Ready for the next generation of AGP 4X systems, the RAGE FURY PRO provides full AGP 4X support.

11.1.1 SDRAM Engineering Sample

PN 109-63200-00B

RAGE FURY PRO first introduced a version of SDRAM video memory that supports VIVO. Later there was a DVI output version.

(From anandtech.com) Official product

PN 109-63200-01

(From Palcal on vgamuseum.info)

11.1.2 SGRAM

The RAGE FURY PRO that uses SGRAM video memory supports DVI display and also supports VIVO (PN 109-68200-00). Engineering Sample

PN 109-63100-00B Qualification Sample

The sample sticker on the back of the graphics card is torn off, only the sticker on the EEPROM remains, which is almost the same as the official version.

PN 109-63100-00

11.2 Xclaim Dual Rage128 Pro

This graphics card is dedicated to Power MAC G4.

11.2.1 Engineering Sample

PN 109-63000-00A

The chip number is 215R4GAUC11. Generally speaking, ATi's Rage and Radeon series chips, the last two numbers are "11" are ES chips, but some are not marked.

11.2.2 Official product

PN 109-63000-00


There is also a PN 109-72700-00 for Power MAC G4, the DVI interface is replaced by Apple Display Connector (ADC).

11.3 Xpert 2000 PRO

November 8, 1999 ATI Technologies Inc.announced the 32MB Xpert 2000 PRO accelerator board for retail and PC OEM markets, an add-in card that offers class-leading 2D and 3D graphics and hardware DVD video Playback with 32MB of memory.

The Xpert 2000 PRO is ideal for system builders and OEMs looking to differentiate their lower cost PCs. Traditionally, low cost PCs come with just 8 MB of graphics memory, poor 2D and 3D and no DVD.

PN 109-65700-20

11.4 Rage Fury MAXX

October 7, 1999 ATI announces RAGE Fury MAXX , uses dual RAGE 128 Pro Processors and 64 MB of memory to deliver 500 Megapixels/second of raw 3D performance for the Power Gamer.

Rage Fury MAXX is the legendary ATI "Aurora", and essentially wants to learn the dual core of Voodoo5 5500.Due to the lack of advanced features, Rage Fury MAXX is just a bloated product that has not responded well to the market. However, the highlight of the dual-core Rage Fury MAXX has become the most nostalgic and most collectible ATI graphics card.

11.4.1 Single head Two EEPROM Engineering Sample

PN 109-67300-00A Three EEPROM Engineering Sample

PN 109-67300-00A

(From anandtech.com) Official product

PN 109-67300-00

11.4.2 Dual head Engineering Sample

PN 109-67300-00A DIY?

PN 109-67300-00

This card may be a DIY work by hardware enthusiasts. Although it was unsuccessful, it recorded the madness of the year.


11.5 Rage 128 Pro Ultra

Rage 128 Pro Ultra CHIPS

11.5.1 Engineering Sample

PN 109-73100-00B

11.5.2 Official product

PN 109-73100-01

(From Palcal on vgamuseum.info)

There is also the PN 109-78200-00 of the same NLX board type, which is 4/8 memory chips (16/32MB).


11.6 All In Wonder 128 Pro

November 8, 1999 ATI technologies Inc.announced the All-in-Wonder 128 PRO, bringing together ATI's unique TV tuning features and the RAGE 128 Pro graphics chip with industry-leading graphics features and performance on a single board.

11.6.1 Engineering Sample

PN 109-65600-00C

11.6.2 Official product

PN 109-65600-01

There is also a PCI interface version, PN 109-70400-00.


12. Mobile series

ATI launched the Mobile series chips for notebook computers.

12.1 Rage LT

The PCI interface Rage LT chip similar to the Rage II, the earliest was in mobile applications like notebook computers.Mobile chips based on 3D Rage Pro chips have begun to be widely used.

November 11, 1996 ATI Technologies Inc.announced the industry's first LCD accelerator to integrate high performance 3D rendering, leading 2D performance, TV-quality video Playback, true color DAC and LVDS transmitters, on a single-chip. The 3D RAGE LT will provide users of laptops, as well as emerging applications such as desktop flat panel monitors and LCD panel projectors, with a full range of features and levels of performance previously achievable only on desktop computers.


November 10, 1997.ATI announces the 3D RAGE LT PRO.

The 3D RAGE LT PRO, based on ATI's new market leader 3D RAGE PRO accelerator, has the fastest 2D and 3D performance in the mobile market.

First mobile AGP 3D notebook chip

First with Tri-View™ (for simultaneous disPlay on LCD, CRT, TV)

First with hardware acceleration for software DVD

First with 65 MHz integrated LVDS transmitters-~Fastest 2D and 3D performance for notebook market

Engineering Sample

PN 109-45400-00C

12.3 RAGE Mobility-M and RAGE Mobility-P

November 2, 1998

ATI Technologies Inc. announced its new RAGE Mobility family of graphics accelerators, the RAGE Mobility-M and RAGE Mobility-P. These new products enable a "one-component graphics sub-system solution" and bring high-end performance in 2D, 3D and software DVD to the mainstream notebook segments.

The RAGE Mobility family extends the capability of theRAGE LT PRO graphics accelerator.

The RAGE Mobility-M and RAGE Mobility-P are pin-compatible with the ATI RAGE LT PRO

12.4 RAGE Mobility-M1

February 22, 1999 ATI announces RAGE Mobility-M1 -- the world's first notebook PC graphics accelerator with 8MB of integrated memory.

RAGE Mobility-M1 is pin-compatible with RAGE Mobility-M and P and is available in a similar package to RAGE Mobility-M, P and RAGE LT PRO. With the addition of the RAGE Mobility-M1

12.5 Rage Mobility 128

October 25, 1999

ATI announces RAGE Mobility 128 - world's fastest single-chip graphics subsystem for notebook PCs

Brings 128-bit desktop graphics to mobile computing for the first time

(From anandtech.com)

12.6 Rage Mobility M4

October 30, 2000 ATI Technologies Inc.announced Mobility M4, the industry's first shipping AGP 4X graphics component for the mobile platform.