History of 3Dfx Graphics cards Vol. 2



At COMDEX '98 on November 16, 1998, 3dfx announced Voodoo3.The Voodoo3 chip integrates 2D/3D and has a dual texture processing unit like Voodoo2.Voodoo3 will currently be identified as 2000 and 3000 models.Voodoo3 2000 will run at 125MHz clock frequency with 300MHz RAMDAC. Voodoo3 3000 will run at a clock frequency of 183MHz and has a RAMDAC of 350MHz. 

Perhaps for confidentiality reasons, the video card of the Voodoo3 shown is actually a BANSHEE graphics card, just with a "Voodoo 3" sticker on the chip.


December 14, 1998- 3dfx announced it was going to acquire STB systems and start making their own voodoo3 graphic cards. On February 12, 1999, 3dfx released Voodoo3 2000 and Voodoo3 3000, which were planned to be listed in April.Voodoo 3 2000 featuring a speed of 143 MHz, and up to six million triangles and 286 megatexels per seconds at resolutions up to 2048x1536. It will be available in either PCI or AGP formats, and boasts a 300 MHz RAMDAC and 16 MB of SDRAM.Voodoo 3 3000 runs at 166 MHz, and will feature 350 MHz RAMDAC and 16 MB of graphic memory. it will feature a TV/S-Video Out jack.Also released the Voodoo3 3500,Voodoo 3 3500 runs at 183 MHz and is expected to deliver 8 million triangles and 366 megatexels per second at resolutions up to 2048x1536.it will feature 350 MHz RAMDAC, a TV/S-Video Out jack. But it will also support digital flat panel displays through 3Dfx's proprietary flat-panel drivers, LCDfx.

The Voodoo3 2000's had ram rated for 7ns, the 3000 for 6ns,3500 for 5.5ns.

Because 3Dfx no longer provides Voodoo3 chips to major manufacturers such as Diamond and Creative, 3dfx's former partners have defected to Nvidia and ATi. This serious decision-making mistake made 3Dfx lose the support of many manufacturers.

3Dfx only provided some manufacturers with Voodoo3 chips to make motherboards with integrated graphics cards, and later released some restrictions, and some non-3Dfx Voodoo3 graphics cards appeared. 

The performance of the Voodoo3 graphics card is comparable to the TNT2 graphics card announced by Nvidia on March 15, 1999. TNT2's flagship TNT2 Ultra graphics card performance even beat the Voodoo3 3500 graphics card, which is the first time a Voodoo graphics card has been surpassed by Nvidia's Riva series of graphics cards. 

Since 3DFX did not centrally destroy all VOODOO graphics card engineering samples, there are quite a few scattered in the hardware collection industry, which not only makes VOODOO graphics cards a popular graphics card collection, but also makes the history of 3DFX graphics cards very clear.


Technical specification of Voodoo3(Avenger):

Video memory capacity:8/16MB


Bus interface: PCI/AGP 2x

Core clock:125/143/166/183 MHz

Memory clock:125/143/166/183 MHz

Core config:2TMU/1ROP

Triangle processing speed/s:6-8M



RAMDAC:300-350 MHz

Maximum resolution:1920x1440

Fab (nm)250 nm 


1.1 3dfx

1.1.1 Chip Evaluation Board Voodoo3 AGP

The Voodoo3 graphics card evaluation board is close to the board type of the Banshee graphics card. The Voodoo3 core is a dual texture processing unit, which is equivalent to adding a texture processing unit on the basis of the BANSHEE core.

 PCB#600-0050-0316MB SGRAM

Voodoo3 Chip Evaluation Board


In PCB#600-0050-01, the green PCB has the earliest development date, the PCB date is 4298weeks, and the yellow PCB development date is 4798weeks. There are also PCB#600-0050-04 and PCB#600-0050-05 board types. Voodoo3 PCI

PCB#600-0053-01ASSY 650-0053-01


Voodoo3 Chip Evaluation Board

(From thandor.net)

Also available for PCI interface are PCB#600-0051-01 (SGRAM), PCB#600-0075-01 board types, and PCB#600-0056-01 board type, this version has an external ramdac, PCB date 0299 weeks. Voodoo3 MCM

Voodoo3 MCM is a Voodoo3 2000 unreleased board with built-in 16Mb SGRAM Memory.

PCB#600-0076-01, PCB Date 2699Weeks.

ATi entered the notebook computer graphics display platform earlier. RAGE Mobility-M1, which was in the same period as Voodoo3 MCM, although the 3D performance was poor, still dominated the mobile application market. 3dfx's Voodoo3 MCM should look pretty good, somehow it didn't get implemented, maybe 3Dfx doesn't take the mobile graphics market seriously.

Voodoo3 MCM Chip Evaluation Board


(From thedodgegarage.com)

 1.1.2 Product Evaluation Board

Because 3DFX plans to produce Voodoo3 graphics cards by itself, and does not plan to sell chips to the outside world, it only has the Product Evaluation Board, and no reference board is designed. PCB#210-0364-001 Voodoo3 DEMO

The voodoo3 graphic cards made by 3dfx follow the style of STB graphics cards, with compact structure and moderate materials.

Voodoo3 official announcement picture Engineering sample 


Voodoo3 Engineering sample


From CrocoRetro PCB#210-0364-002

Compared with PCB#210-0364-001, the components have not changed, mainly the wiring has been changed. Engineering sample

PCB DATE 0599weeks

Voodoo3 Engineering sample


(From thedodgegarage.com) Qualification sample 

This voodoo3 graphics card without the "NOT FOR RESALE" sticker does not seem to be officially sold, it is an OEM-sample or a TEST sample.

 PCB Date 1199Weeks

Voodoo3 Qualification sample



1.1.3 PCB#210-0364-003

April 7, 1999 - Voodoo3 2000 and Voodoo3 3000 graphics cards released, priced at $129.99 and $179.99 respectively. Voodoo3 without AGP-slot hook version

Voodoo3 without AGP-slot hook version is less, this PCB Date 9912Weeks, and the earlier PCB Date 1199Weeks.

Voodoo3 without AGP-slot hook version


From 0blivi0n Voodoo3 2000

Voodoo3 2000 的性能与 Voodoo2 12 MB SLI 相当。PCB DATE11991299 WeeksVoodoo3 2000/3000显卡背面没有“3dfx”标志。下面这个显卡PCB DATE 1999 Weeks

Voodoo3 2000 Voodoo3 3000

Voodoo3 3000Voodoo3 2000相比,除了显存由7ns提升到6ns外,散热片也由方形加大成长方形,有的增加了TV-out接口,性能提升约10%

 Voodoo3 3000

Voodoo3 graphics card OEM version includes: GATEWAY, COMPAQ, DELL, ASUS, and made in China version.


1.1.4 PCB#210-0366-001

Voodoo3 graphics card PCI interface. Engineering sample

This card does not have a "not for resale" label, I don't know if it was lost or as a spare. PCB DATE is 1299Weeks.

Voodoo3 Engineering sample Official product

The earliest official PCB DATE of Voodoo3 PCI graphics card is 1299Weeks, but the PCB manufacturer is different from the engineering sample. Early graphics cards also didn't have the "3dfx" logo on the back. Voodoo3 2000

PCB DATE 9919 Weeks Voodoo3 3000

PCB DATE 9949  Weeks

From dusty-voodoo.com

1.1.5 PCB#210-0369-001

Mainly Voodoo3 3500 AGP graphics card. Engineering sample

Voodoo3 3500 Engineering sample

(From thedodgegarage.com) Official product

Voodoo3 3500 COMPAQ OEM version.

Voodoo3 3500

1.1.6 PCB#210-0371-001

July 30, 1999 - Voodoo3 3500TV released, priced at $249.

Below is the first official announcement picture. I don't know its PCB#.

Voodoo3 3500TV official announcement picture Engineering sample

The graphics card in the Voodoo3 3500TV AGP official announcement picture is an Engineering sample, and the PCB DATE is around 2599 Weeks.

Voodoo3 3500TV AGP official announcement picture Official product 

The highlight of Voodoo3 3500TV is that it has TV and video functions.

It's not just an analog TV tuner soldered. Included in the scope of delivery is an "external A/V Control Pod", also often referred to as a "breakout box", which houses the video and audio inputs and outputs. The cable to the A/V Pod is approximately 1.75 meters long. 

Voodoo3 3500TV has two versions of Philips NTSC and Samsung PAL due to different TV Tuner. 

Voodoo3 3500TV with TV Tuner Philips NTSC


(From tdfx.de)

1.1.7 PCB#-210-0371-002

Compared with PCB # 210-0371-001, there is no obvious change. There are two versions of Philips NTSC and Samsung PAL due to different TV Tuners. 

Voodoo3 3500TV with TV Tuner Samsung PAL 

 In addition, 3Dfx announced three multimedia graphics cards with TV tuner in October 2000: Voodoo TV 100 PCI, VoodooTV 200 and VoodooTV-FM.

 3dfx VoodooTV FM

(From tdfx.de)  

1.1.8 PCB#210-0380-001 

July 27, 1999 - 3dfx announces the Velocity brand, and later releases only the Velocity 100. Velocity 100 

The PCB date of the following three Velocity 100 graphics cards is 9924 weeks, and the PCB manufacturer is Pc2A, but the prices are very different. Engineering sample

 BIOS version V2.05, with "NOT FOR RESALE""0806001C000000000000096ILS77" sticker and "TEST""QC" stamp on the back, and blue paint spots. Another important feature is C91 repair welding.


From NEST Qualification Sample 

BIOS version V2.15.06, the back doesn't have any stickers for some reason, but has "TEST" "QC" stamps, and blue paint spots. Official product 

BIOS version V2.15.06, with "0806007W0000000000000023DA7K"sticker on the back, only "TEST" stamp.

 From Palcal

The above three are REV A0. REV A0 is less, and later REV A is more. Voodoo3 1000

Gateway Special Edition (noted on the bios chip as a V3-1000), 8MB SGRAM, clocked at 143Mhz, and only has 1 texture management unit. 


1.1.9 PCB#210-0383-001 Voodoo3 1000

This board type Voodoo3 1000 is a Compaq Special Edition (noted on the bios chip as a Voodoo3 1000), 16 MB SGRAM, clocked at 125Mhz, no heatsink. 

PCB DATE 3199 Weeks

Voodoo3 1000 Compaq Special Edition Velocity 200

3DFX increased the clock frequency to 143Mhz on the basis of the Voodoo3 1000 graphics card, added a heat sink, and planned to release it under the name Velocity 200, but it was not implemented.

PCB DATE 3299 Weeks.

Velocity 200


 1.1.10 PCB#210-0382-003

October 17, 1999, Voodoo3 2000/3000 PCI Released. 

Voodoo3 2000

1.1.11 PCB#210-0382-004

Compared with PCB#210-0382-003, there is no obvious change, only R103 and R104 are added.

Voodoo3 3000


1.2 Quantum3D

AAlchemy 4116

The AAlchemy 4116 with four Voodoo3 chips was too difficult to design and had not been mass-produced by the end of 1999. With the release of the VSA-100 chip, Quantum3D also abandoned this product and directly developed the next-generation product of eight VSA-100 chips. 


1.3 PowerColor

A few months after 3Dfx's Voodoo3 graphics card sold well, it still authorized some manufacturers to produce Voodoo3 graphics card. PowerColor's Voodoo3 graphics card is the one with the most product models and sales.

 Powercolor EvilKing Extreme 


1.4 VillageTronic

VillageTronic MP960 is the MAC version.

VillageTronic MP960


 From tdfx.de

1.5 Other 

The cheap and high-quality Geforce2 MX200 graphics cards are so popular that some unscrupulous manufacturers use Voodoo3 chips to imitate them as Geforce2 MX200 graphics cards. 

PCB DATE 0145Weeks



At Comdex '99 on November 15, 1999, 3dfx Interactive announced the new VSA-100 graphics chip, as well as Voodoo4 4500 AGP & PCI, Voodoo5 5000 PCI, Voodoo5 5500 AGP, Voodoo5 6000 AGP graphics cards based on the new chip. And revealed pictures of Voodoo4 4500 AGP, Voodoo5 5500 AGP and Voodoo5 6000 AGP graphics cards.

From pc.watch.impress.co.jp

VSA-100 is the product of the improvement of Voodoo 3 core, adding 32bit color depth, AGP texture, 24 bit Z buffer and other functions.The biggest feature of the VSA-100 is that it can connect up to 32 VSA-100s via SLI (Scan-Line Interleaving).  

In February 2000, 3dfx publicly demonstrated the Voodoo4 and Voodoo5 graphics cards for the first time at Cebit. On April 26, 2000, 3dfx publicly demonstrated the Voodoo5 6000 graphics card for the first time at WinHEC 2000.


Technical specification of Voodoo4(VSA-100):

Video memory capacity:32MB


Bus interface: PCI/AGP 2x/4x

Core clock:166 MHz

Memory clock:166 MHz

Core config:2TMU/2ROP



RAMDAC:300-350 MHz

Maximum resolution:2048x1536

Fab (nm)250 nm


 2.1 3dfx

The VSA-100 chip was first developed on the Voodoo4 Evaluation Board, but the Voodoo4 graphics card was launched after the Voodoo5 graphics card. 3dfx's slow product update cycle, under the heavy blow of nvidia's horrible 6-month product update, made the single-core Voodoo4 graphics card vulnerable, and had to launch the dual-core Voodoo5 graphics card first to rival the GeForce2 GTS. The Voodoo4 graphics card was released on October 13, 2000, almost 4 months later than the Voodoo5 graphics card. 

2.1.1 Voodoo4 Demo Board

On Comdex '99, the official announcement picture of the Voodoo4 4500 AGP graphics card is actually the Voodoo3 3500 graphics card, not the Voodoo4 4500 graphics card using the VSA-100 chip.

Voodoo4 4500 AGP official announcement picture


 2.1.2 Voodoo4 Evaluation Board PCB#210-0386-001

PCB DATE 4299weeks.


(From thedodgegarage.com) 

AGP interface also has PCB#210-0388-001 board type. PCB#210-0389-001

PCB DATE 9944Weeks,32MB.


(From 3dfx.pl)

2.1.3 PCB#210-0416-001

The Voodoo4 4500 graphics card released on October 13, 2000 is this board type Voodoo4 4500 Engineering sample

This board type supports 32/64MB video memory. Onboard 32MB video memory is Voodoo4 4500 graphics card, 64MB video memory is Voodoo4 4800, because the performance improvement brought by 64MB video memory is not obvious, so this model is canceled.


(From dusty-voodoo.com) Voodoo4 4500


2.1.4 PCB#210-0403-001

PCI interface Voodoo4 4500 Engineering sample

 PCB DATE 3000WEEKS Voodoo4 4500



When I bought this Voodoo4 4500 32MB graphics card in the second-hand market in April 2007, no matter what software was used to detect it, it was 64MB, although the above 4 graphics memory particles, a single one was 8MB, a total of 32MB (video memory number: HY57V653220B). And this card is tested with 3Dmark2001 and other software, and the test value is a little higher than that of the Voodoo4 4500 graphics card of the same model. Finally, someone found that the R536 of this card was artificially soldered away, and they tried to remove the R536 component from the Voodoo4 4500 graphics card of the same model, and they all showed such characteristics. This may be the Voodoo4 4500 easter egg left by 3DFX. Voodoo4 4500 MAC

In April 2000, 3dfx announced its first Mac platform products: Voodoo4 4500 PCI and Voodoo5 5500 PCI graphics cards.

In November 2000, the 3dfx Mac version of the Voodoo4 4500 PCI graphics card was released.



2.1.5 PCB# 600-0614-00

A low-cost reference design that has not yet formed a product, but was borrowed from PowerColor.

PCB DATE 0026Weeks


(From tdfx.de)


2.2 PowerColor

Evilking IV

2.3 MSI

MS-8819 ended up not retailing.

PCB DATE 0036weeks

MS-8819 Engineering sample


(From NEST)

 2.4 Other


PCB DATE 0051weeks



On June 22, 2000, the Voodoo 5500 graphics card shipped. Performance is comparable to Geforce2 GTS.

On August 10, 2000, the Mac 5500 PCI graphics card was released.


Technical specification of Voodoo5(VSA-100x2):

Video memory capacity:32/64MB


Bus interface: PCI/AGP 2x/4x

Core clock166 MHz

Memory clock166 MHz

Core config:(2TMU/2ROP)x2



RAMDAC:300-350 MHz

Maximum resolution:2048x1536

Fab (nm)250 nm


3.1 3dfx 

3.1.1 Voodoo5 Evaluation Board PCB#210-0392-001

Voodoo5 Evaluation Board, dual VGA output. Rev A0

On Comdex '99, the Voodoo5 5500 AGP graphics card official announcement picture is Rev A0, which is a Voodoo5 chip evaluation board. The earliest PCB Date of Rev A0 has 9945weeks. 

Voodoo5 chip evaluation board Rev A1

Already a product evaluation board. PCB Date 0009weeks.

Voodoo5 product evaluation board PCB#210-0393-001

Voodoo5 5000 SGRAM graphics card, PCI interface, PCB Date 0009weeks. The Voodoo5 5000 graphics card was removed from retail. 

Voodoo5 5000 Evaluation Board


(From Gold Leader)

In addition, there are Voodoo5 5000 SGRAM with PCB#210-0420-001 board type, AGP 4x interface, PCB DATE 0037Weeks. PCB#210-0411-001

Voodoo5 5500 AGP 4x, although it is an AGP 4x interface, does not support it very well. PCB DATE 0035Weeks. 

Voodoo5 5500 AGP 4x Evaluation Board


From 3dfxkid

3.1.2 PCB#210-0413-001

On June 22, 2000, the Voodoo5 5500 graphics card shipped. This is the form factor of the retail Voodoo5 5500 AGP graphics card with only one VGA output. Engineering sample

Voodoo5 5500 AGP graphics card, Rev A0, PCB Date 0015weeks.


Voodoo5 5500 AGP Engineering sample


From dusty-voodoo.com Qualification Sample

Voodoo5 5500 AGP graphics card, Rev A1, PCB Date 0018weeks, the official product is PCB Date 0019weeks, it should be Review Sample.

Voodoo5 5500 AGP Qualification Sample Official product

Regarding the retail date of Voodoo5 5500 AGP graphics card, there are many online sayings "June 22, 2000", www.thedodgegarage.com said: "May 5, 2000- Voodoo 5500 cards start shipping but are recalled on the 25th for possible power supply problems .June 9, 2000- Voodoo 5500 cards ship again." I agree with the "recalled" point of view. It is a fact that the Voodoo5 5500 AGP graphics card yield is not high. In 2002, there were rumors that after nvidia acquired 3Dfx, a batch of Voodoo5 5500 graphics card semi-finished products flowed into China. This batch of cards should be defective. The baffle of the Voodoo5 5500 AGP graphics card I purchased was added by the merchant, and the graphics card was unstable. 

Voodoo 5500 AGP

3.1.3 PCB#210-0414-001

The Voodoo5 5500 graphics card with PCI interface added a DVI interface that became popular at the time. Voodoo5 5500 PCI

The PC version of Voodoo5 5500 PCI graphics card is not equipped with DVI output interface. Voodoo5 5500 PCI MAC

In April 2000, 3dfx announced its first Mac platform products: Voodoo4 4500 PCI and Voodoo5 5500 PCI graphics cards.

On August 10, 2000, the Mac version of the 5500 PCI card became available. 


3.2 Quantum3D 

November 13, 2000- 3dfx Licenses 4-Way SLI Technology to Quantum3D

Quantum 3D (a 3dfx partner) will be released for industrial and military use with graphics cards ranging from 8 to 32 chips. 

3.2.1 AAlchemy 8132/8164

The AAlchemy 8132 graphics card is a single card with 8 VSA-100 chips and 32MB of video memory. AAlchemy 8164 graphics card is 64MB video memory.

AAlchemy 8132


3.2.2 AAlchemy 8232/8264

AAlchemy 8264 graphics card is two AAlchemy 8164 graphics card SLI connection, a total of 16 VSA-100 chips, the power consumption is amazing, need POWER board power supply. As for the graphics card with 32 VSA-100 chips, it may just be a legend.

4.Voodoo5 6000 

At Comdex '99 on November 15, 1999, 3dfx Interactive announced that it would launch the Voodoo5 6000 graphics card based on the VSA-100 graphics chip. At Comdex'2000 a year later, 3dfx announced that it would stop making the Voodoo5 6000 graphics card. The Voodoo5 6000 graphics card has inherited a high reputation due to the cool design of the 4 cores, unreleased products and the myth that 3Dfx created the market share of 3D graphics cards in that year. In October 2001, the Voodoo5 6000 graphics card was auctioned on eBay for the first time and sold for a high price of $2,025, thus officially announcing the birth of the graphics card collection. There are less than 100 Voodoo5 6000 graphics cards in existence, and they have become the leader of graphics card collections and even computer board collections.


Technical specification of Voodoo5 6000(VSA-100x4):

Video memory capacity:128MB

Bus type:SDRAM

Bus interface: AGP 2x

Core clock166 MHz

Memory clock166 MHz

Core config:(2TMU/2ROP)x4



RAMDAC:300-350 MHz

Maximum resolution:2048x1536

Fab (nm)250 nm


4.1 DEMO Board 

At Comdex '99, the Voodoo5 6000 graphics card shown by 3dfx was actually equipped with a Voodoo3 3500 chip. This is the rarest Voodoo graphics card, only 2 are rumored to be developed and only 1 is collected. About 1,000 of the other 6 Voodoo5 6000 graphics cards were developed , and less than 100 were collected. 

Voodoo5 6000 DEMO Board official announcement picture



4.2 Early Evaluation board

 This verision used an Intel PCI bridge chip, was equipped with 128 MB of 5.4ns SDRAM and used a proprietary external 3dfx power supply.  

The picture below is the official announcement of Voodoo5 6000 Early Evaluation Board, PCBPCB#210-0391-001-A1, date 1500 Weeks (Rev A1), and earlier PCB#210-0391-001-A0, 0700 Weeks (Rev A0 ) Voodoo5 6000 graphics card. 

Voodoo5 6000 Early Evaluation Board official announcement picture


4.3 Later Evaluation board

 This version uses HiNT bridge chip. These cards were able to be powered by either the internal system PSU or by a proprietary 3dfx external power supply. The clock speed generally either 166 or 183 MHz.

 Voodoo5 6000 Engineering sample

This 3700 version Voodoo5 6000 graphics card (PCB date is 3700weeks (Rev A), PCB#210-0391-001-A) has the most collections, there are about 60, and most of them can work normally. Its performance is comparable to the Geforce2 Ultra graphics card. The other Voodoo5 6000 graphics cards have only a few collections per version.In addition, there are three types of Voodoo5 6000 Later Evaluation boards: PCB#210-0391-001-A2, 2600 Weeks (Rev A2), PCB#210-0391-001-A3,3400 Weeks (Rev A3) and PCB#210-0391-001-A, 3900 Weeks (Rev A).

5. Daytona

Daytona (VSA-101) is more like a VSA-100 chip manufactured with a newer process, cooler operation, less heat generation, and no need for a heat sink. Claimed DDR support does not improve performance.The Daytona chip graphics card was originally scheduled to retail in January 2001, but was aborted due to Nvidia's acquisition.


Technical specification of Daytona(VSA-101):

Video memory capacity:16/32MB


Bus interface: PCI/AGP 4x

Core clock:143/166 MHz

Memory clock:143/166 MHz

Core config:2TMU/2ROP



Fab (nm)180 nm


5.1 Voodoo 4-2 4000

AGP,16MB SDRAM,Core clock:166 MHz.


PCB date 4100 Weeks


(From dusty-voodoo.com)

5.2 Voodoo 4-2 4200

PCI/AGP,16/32MB SDRAM,Core clock:143/166 MHz.


PCB date 4600 Weeks


Among the Daytona chip graphics cards, only a very small amount of this type of graphics card is sold for IBM servers. The Voodoo 4-2 4200 pictured was an engineering sample and was sold because it was fully functional.

 Earlier PCB#210-0419-001, PCB date 3500 Weeks, not sold.

 5.3 Voodoo 4-2 4800

AGP 4x32MB SDRAM,Core clock:166 MHz.

PCB# 210-0428-001, PCB date 4100 Weeks



6. Rampage 

After 3DFX was founded in March 1994, it began to develop hardware and chips for the gaming market such as arcade machines. On November 6, 1995, 3Dfx announced Voodoo Graphics, a 3D graphics accelerator designed for 3D entertainment applications on arcade and home computers. and achieved great success. 

In 1997, the Sega Dreamcast game console solicited two competing designs: a unit code-named "Blackbelt", a system designed in the United States using 3dfx technology, and "Katana", developed in Japan using NEC and VideoLogic technology. 

on July 22, 1997, 3DFX Voodoo2 competes with PowerVR Series2 Sega Dreamcast game console graphics processor fails,3Dfx wasted over a year of precious time. Although Voodoo2 later achieved great success in the PC market, 3Dfx is still very concerned about the game console market that has not yet made a breakthrough, and plans to use new technologies to improve the performance of 3D chips and crush competitors.  

In 1998, 3dfx started the Rampage project. The Rampage development project is a new technology for the new graphics card, which is expected to be several years ahead of the competition once it debuts. The research and development direction of the Rampage project tends to use 3D auxiliary chips to work with new 3D chips, so that 3D performance can be greatly improved. 

In February 1999, the Rampage project carrying the 3dfx game console dream was first verified on the Voodoo3 chip graphics card. On March 10, 2000, Bill Gates officially announced the Xbox plan at GDC2000. 3dfx, believing rumors that the Xbox will use Gigapixel graphics technology, faced the poor progress of the Rampage project and announced its plan to acquire GigaPixel on March 28.Unexpectedly, Nvidia, the new king of 3D graphics cards following Microsoft's technical route, won the Xbox contract, and 3dfx's competitive game console graphics processor failed again. 3dfx has spent too much energy and money because of the game console dream, and it has become the main factor that causes 3dfx to crash. 

In November 2000, the Rampage project announced its initial success. This so-called Rampage chip integrates two VSA-100 cores on one chip, and its performance is weaker than the Voodoo5 5500 graphics card with two VSA-100 cores.


Technical specification of Rampage:

Video memory capacity:64MB

Bus type:DDR-SGRAM

Bus interface: AGP 4x

Core clock:200 MHz

Memory clock:400 MHz

Core config:4TMU/4ROP



Fab (nm)180 nm


6.1 Voodoo3 T&L

The Voodoo3 T&L prototype card is the earliest verification card for the Rampage project.

Display chip is Voodoo3, T&l chip is Mitsubishi M64592, 16Mb SGRAM 6ns Memory, PCB Date 1299weeks, PCB#600-0077-01.

Voodoo3 T&L 


From 3dfx.es


6.2 SPECTER 1000  

The Rampage project later plans to develop a SPECTER 1000 graphics card equipped with a Rampage chip, and a SPECTER 2000/SPECTER3000 graphics card equipped with 1 or 2 Rampage chips supplemented by a SAGE hardware T&L chip. The flagship Specter 3000 will have a bandwidth of 10.2 GB/S and a fill rate of 1600-2000Mpixels/S.


PCB#210-0434-001-A1PCB DATE 0047weeks


(From thedodgegarage.com)

The performance of the SPECTER 1000 graphics card developed in November 2000 was only comparable to the Geforce 256 graphics card that integrated hardware T&L into the graphics core in August 1999. At this time, the GeForce2 Ultra graphics card with the same performance as the SPECTER3000 graphics card has been launched. Is it necessary to continue the development of SPECTER 2000/SPECTER3000 graphics cards? Rampage does not have much innovation in technology, and it has to rely on additional chips to improve performance, and the development cycle is too long, and it will eventually die, which directly causes 3DFX to completely lose its fighting spirit.3dfx sold most of its assets to Nvidia on December 15, 2000, and 3dfx has since become history.


Related links:History of 3Dfx Graphics cards Vol. 1