History of 3Dfx Graphics cards Vol. 1
History of 3Dfx Graphics cards Vol. 1
In Mar 1994, Gary Tarolli ,Scott Sellers and Ross Smith, he created a
little company called 3Dfx Interactive.On COMDEX on November 6, 1995,
3Dfx announced Voodoo Graphics.On December 15, 2000, 3dfx was acquired
The 3Dfx Voodoo series of graphics cards once occupied the dominance of
3D graphics cards for five years. The glorious years of 3Dfx have to be
Voodoo graphics chip consists of a texture processor chip (FBI) and a
pixel processor chip (TMU).Voodoo Graphics has included level-of-detail
(LOD) MIP mapping, bi-linear and advanced filtering and SVGA resolution
support. In addition, the chipset delivers realistic imagery through
sub-pixel correction, alpha blending, and anti-aliasing.
Voodoo Graphics also supports special effects for even greater game
impact. These include per-pixel effects such as fog, translucency, and
transparency, texture compositing, a variety of lighting techniques,
texture morphing, animated textures, and reflection mapping.
On October 3, 1996, Orchid Technology took the lead in selling Voodoo
video card, followed by Diamond Multimedia Systems, Inc. The outstanding
3 D performance of Voodoo graphics card made it occupy 85% of the market
in 1997. After more than 20 years, Voodoo graphics cards are still so
Technical specification of Voodoo Graphics (SST-1) :
Video memory capacity:4/6/8/10/12MB (2/4MB Frame Buffer, 2/4/6/8MB
Bus type:EDO RAM
Bus interface: PCI
Core clock：50 MHz
Memory clock：50 MHz
Triangle processing speed/s:1M
Maximum resolution:4MB 640x480，6MB 800x600
Fab (nm)：500 nm
1.1.1 Obsidian Green version Chip Evaluation board
Obsidian SB50-2200 green graphics card is a chip evaluation board. It is
the earliest and least Voodoo graphics card known by 3Dfx. PCB date 9615
weeks,There are only 4 cards in the world, which belong to the top 4
graphics card collectors. Obsidian SB50-2200 green graphics card PCB#
600-0002-04, PCB# 600-0002-01/02/03 version did not appear.It may be
that none of these 3 versions work, and it is deemed that the core
secrets of 3Dfx have been completely destroyed. PCB# 600-0002-04 version
is basically available before it can be retained.
The beautiful 3Dfx Logo laser sticker on the card can easily be mistaken
for the DEMO version. The 3Dfx logo and characters on the chip on the
card are all sprayed silver paint, which is very three-dimensional,
which is different from the usual white printing later.
Pixel Processor TMU chip number 500-0002-01 is packaged in a 208-pin
PQFP, chip date 9612 weeks, The official version of the chip is
Texture Processors FBI chip number 500-0001-02 is packaged in a 240-pin
PQFP, chip date 9609 weeks, 240 pins. The official version of the chip
FAB No. 600-0002-04,quite early.FAB No.600-0001-01 is 3Dfx first product
"Game Control Interface".
1.1.2 Obsidian Black version Chip Evaluation board
The picture of Obsidian Black version Chip Evaluation board is only
available on the 3Dfx website. It is similar to the green version in
that there are laser stickers and welding positions for square
crystals.There is a resistor array at the bottom of display memory is
similar to the later version. PCB# is among 600-0003 to 600-0011.
1.1.3 Obsidian Product Evaluation board
Obsidian Product Evaluation board PCB#600-0013-01.
220.127.116.11 Obsidian SB50-2440 Engineering sample
Obsidian SB50-2440 Engineering sample graphics card PCB date is 9619
(This picture from 3dfx.cz may be the seller's picture, more than the
buyer Gary's picture on the back.)
18.104.22.168 Obsidian 100DB-4440 Engineering sample
In theory, all Obsidian graphics cards can be connected with SLI because
they all reserve SLI ports. The first Obsidian SLI object is the
Obsidian 100DB-4440 Engineering sample, which is connected by two
Obsidian SB50-2440 Engineering sample SLI graphics cards. It is the
collection of "King of Voodoo Graphics" Gary.
Obsidian 100DB-4440 Engineering sample
From the figure below, you can see that the original design of the
Obsidian PCB#600-0013-01 version of the graphics card does not fully
support SLI. Additional components and adjustments to the SLI circuit
are required. The problem encountered by this engineering sample is that
the Obsidian PCB#600-0013-02 version of the graphics card only
strengthens the back SLI circuit part. It was not until the Obsidian pro
graphics card specially designed for SLI that the front SLI circuit was
perfected and the SLI connection was well achieved.
Obsidian PCB#600-0013-02 is a finalized product board. Compared with
PCB#600-0013-01 and PCB#600-0013-02 version of Obsidian graphics cards,
the main change is that PCB#600-0013-02 version adds P1 interface and
The SLI circuit on the back is reinforced.
There are different opinions on the engineering samples of
PCB#600-0013-02 Obsidian graphics cards, especially some early
PCB#600-0013-02 Obsidian graphics cards are still used in arcades
(Arcade), which leads to the general belief that this version does not
have Engineering samples, even Qualification Sample is not recognized.
The PCB#600-0013-02 version of the Obsidian graphics card began to paste
the ASSY No. label, indicating that it has officially entered the
product period from the prototype period, and the PCB#600-0013-02
version is the retail version.
Orchid Righteous 3D passed FCCID certification on July 24, 1996, and did
not retail until October 3,And some of the chips used in retail video
cards are still engineering samples,As a result, Voodoo chip has
problems such as low YIELD RATE and insufficient capacity.3dfx still
takes a long time to test and adjust.So there's still Engineering sample
or Qualification Sample. in the early Obsidian 02 version graphics
cards.The official version of the voodoo chipset number 500-0004-02 and
500-0003-03,Early chips that are not numbered like this are actually
engineering sample-level chips.
PCB#600-0013-02 version of Obsidian graphics card has only three PCB
dates found, 9624/9625/9628 weeks. The Obsidian whose PCB date is
9624/9625 weeks has Engineering sample or Qualification Sample.
22.214.171.124 PCB date 9624 Weeks
Due to limited information, PCB#600-0013-02 of 9624 weeks is suspected
to be the first batch of PCBs, and there are engineering samples in this
batch of graphics cards. The PCB#600-0013-02 of 9624weeks has very few
Obsidian graphics cards.
Probably because PCB#600-0013-02 is mature and reliable, the remaining
small number of 9624 Weeks PCB boards and 500-0004-01 engineering sample
chips were used in later graphics cards to produce the following
Obsidian SB50-2200 graphics cards.
126.96.36.199 PCB date 9625 Weeks
More Obsidian graphics cards with PCB date of 9625 weeks,Using an early
chipset or with a "µ test" sticker may be a qualification sample or
customer sample, or even an engineering sample. "μ test" seems to be
suitable for PC testing, and the tested Obsidian graphics cards are
obviously not used for retail.
Obsidian SB50-2200 Qualification Sample
188.8.131.52 PCB date 9628 Weeks
PCB date is 9628 weeks of video card is the official product, the
largest number. Most of them are equipped with ASSY No. "650 -???? -??"
and "USA" stickers.It is already a Quantum3D product.
Amethyst daughtercard has added a TMU chip, which is simply to make
voodoo into voodoo 2, so the number of obsidians equipped with Amethyst
daughtercard is very small. After all, 3dfx will continue to sell voodoo
2!It's just that Voodoo2 chip is optimized on the basis of Voodoo chip.
The process is also increased from 500nm to 350nm, and the working core
clock is increased from 50MHz to 90MHz, and the performance is naturally
The sb50-2200 model is interpreted as follows:
SB50： single card, double card is 100 DB. (50 for 50 Megapixels/Second
and 100 for 100 Megapixels/Second.)
2200: the first digit is 2MB of video memory equipped with the FBI chip,
up to 4MB at most; the second digit is 2MB of video memory equipped with
the TMU chip, up to 4MB at most; the third digit is the video memory
equipped with the TMU chip on the Amethyst daughter card, 0 represents
that there is no Amethyst daughter card, with the Amethyst card, the
video memory can be 2MB or 4MB; the fourth digit is 0, it is rumored
that there is a daughter card that can support the third TMU chip, It's
never been there.
184.108.40.206.1 PCB#600-0003-01 2MB Engineering sample
This version only has a 2MB video memory version, which is an
Engineering sample, and only one piece was found, which is Gary’s green
Obsidian SB50-2220 original daughter card.
Amethyst 50-0020 Engineering sample & Obsidian SB50-2200 ES
220.127.116.11.2 PCB#600-0014-01 2MB
Amethyst daughtercard used to print fccid number and FCC certification
mark, and later used black tape to mask fccid number and FCC
certification mark. 3dfx also pastes FCC certification mark on each
Obsidian video card, and engineering samples are no exception. This led
to the identification of the Obsidian graphics card as engineering
sample and qualification sample being misled by the FCC certification
mark. Because according to common sense, all FCC certified video cards
are official products, and both the Obsidian video card and the Amethyst
daughtercard have this FCC certification mark. Through the query of
fccid: mh2amepro001, it is found that this ID number does not exist at
all, and 3dfx has not passed the ID certification of FCC. Only 3dfx was
queried to obtain the grant code of MH2 on April 14, 1998.
The following is a 2MB Amethyst daughtercard with the fccid number
covered with black tape. The one equipped with Amethyst daughtercard is
Amethyst 50-0020 & Obsidian SB50-4200
18.104.22.168.3 PCB#600-0014-01 4MB
Here is the Amethyst daughtercard of 4MB video memory.
Installed on the Obsidian SB50-4400 graphics card will become the
Obsidian SB50-4440 graphics card, which is not much different from the
12MB Voodoo2 graphics card.
1.1.5 Obsidian Pro
Obsidian PRO is an Obsidian graphics card specially adjusted for SLI
connection, taking into account the cost considerations, there are two
major improvements, one is to improve the front SLI connection circuit,
and the other is to remove most of the resistor array the front memory
and other parts.
22.214.171.124 Obsidian PRO
Obsidian PRO graphics card FAB No.600-0013-05, PCB date is 9651 weeks,
it can be seen that the completion of this SLI function is difficult,
and it took six months to complete.
126.96.36.199.1 SLI Main card
The SLI connection special version is divided into main card and
secondary card. The main card of Obsidian PRO SB50-2400 is as follows:
Obsidian PRO SB50-2400 Qualification sample
188.8.131.52.2 SLI Secondary card
The Obsidian PRO SB50-2400 Secondary card is the same as the main card,
except that the components that are not used for SLI connection are
eliminated, see the following figure.
Obsidian PRO SB50-2400 Qualification sample
184.108.40.206.3 SLI Cable
SLI ribbon Cable PCB#600-0015-01, dated 9624 weeks.
SLI ribbon Cable
220.127.116.11 Amethyst pro
The Amethyst pro daughter card is the original game daughter card of
Obsidian PRO. Compared with the Amethyst daughter card, it mainly
reduces the resistor array under the front video memory and 4MB video
memory. PCB date is 9651 weeks. PCB# 600-0014-03.
The Amethyst pro 50-0040 daughtercard is shown in the figure below. The
upper side is the back side and the lower side is the front side.
Amethyst pro 50-0040 Qualification sample
18.104.22.168 Obsidian 100DB-4440 Qualification Sample
Two Obsidian PRO graphics cards installed with Amethyst pro daughter
cards are connected by SLI cable to form Obsidian 100DB, also called
Obsidian XS100.That is, the SLI connection of two Obsidian pro SB50-2440
graphics cards is the Obsidian 100DB-2440 graphics card. It is called
Obsidian 100DB-4440 because it displays Obsidian 100DB-4440 after
loading the driver.
Obsidian 100DB-4440 Qualification Sample
I/ITSEC, ORLANDO, Fl., December 2, 1996 -- 3Dfx Interactive, Inc., along
with several of its OEM, VAR, and System Integrator partners, today
demonstrated the Obsidian XS-100. Based on an advanced configuration of
3Dfx Interactive's Voodoo Graphics chipset, the Obsidian XS-100
represents the high-end of 3Dfx Interactive's Obsidian family of
professional realtime 3D graphics accelerators for PCs. With its 100
Megapixel/second, tri-linear-filtered, texture-mapping performance and
$2,500 MSRP, the Obsidian XS-100 enables military and civilian visual
simulation application developers and location-based-entertainment (LBE)
system integrators to deploy PC-based systems, thereby replacing
proprietary image generator (IG) and workstation solutions which
typically are ten times the cost of equivalent levels of 3D performance.
Current PCI-based 3D graphics products deliver less than one third of
the tri-linear fill rate performance of the Obsidian XS-100. The
Obsidian XS-100 will be sold through visual simulation and LBE system
integrators, VARs, and OEMs this month.
The above passage comes from the 3Dfx website, which shows that Obsidian
100DB graphics card is a 3Dfx development project. In fact, 3Dfx will
not be able to sell Obsidian 100DB as scheduled.
The performance of Obsidian's 100DB graphics card is close to Voodoo2
graphics card SLI connection. After SLI connection, the graphics card
resolution supports 1024X768, which improves the performance by about
1.1.6 Obsidian GE
There are several reference boards for Voodoo graphics cards. This
Obsidian GE is a relatively late Reference board, PCB#600-0012-05, PCB
31 March 1997, Founded by 3dfx, Gemini Technology and SGI co-founders,
along with former Intel and Sun Microsystems employees including Ross Q.
Smith, John Archdeacon, Charles "Herb" Kuta, Dan Downum, Phil Huelson,
and Dale Stimson.Separated from 3Dfx on April 8, 1997, took the Obsidian
brand and continued to develop 3dfx related products.
The establishment of Quantum3D is essentially the 3Dfx coveted the
lucrative profits of the mid-to-high-end Voodoo card market. After
Quantum3D was separated from 3Dfx, it participated in the development
and production of Obsidian graphics cards for 3Dfx for a long period of
time. Finally, it was also sold under the name Quantum3D. After
cultivating a good team and accumulating a certain strength, Quantum3D
took away the Obsidian brand and Obsidian-related assets, truly
independent, and independently developed products.
1.2.1 3Dfx licensed products
22.214.171.124 Obsidian 100DB-4440
Because of the high positioning of Obsidian 100DB-4440 graphics card,
the production is very small, and not many people know it, so that when
you mention SLI, everyone will think that Voodoo2 graphics card is the
ancestor of SLI. Obsidian 100DB-4440 was mainly used in sensitive areas
and was destroyed after use. As a result, the remaining amount is
extremely low, and only 7 pairs have been collected. The Obsidian
100DB-4440 graphics card, like the green Obsidian SB50-2200 graphics
card, is the bellwether card of the Voodoo graphics card that is
extremely difficult to collect.
126.96.36.199 Obsidian SB50 series
The "Quantum3D installation guide" of the boxed Obsidian SB50-4440
graphics card is the first edition on August 29, 1997 (9735 week). This
shows that Obsidian SB50 is mainly for professional users and avoids
The following Obsidian Pro SB50-2200 graphics cards are produced and
sold after Quantum3D is completely free from 3Dfx. Quantum3D uses the
more compact Obsidian pro board type.
1.2.2 Self-Developed products
Quantum3D self-research products are all marked with its own logo.
188.8.131.52 Obsidian SB50-4400TV
The Obsidian SB50-4400TV designed by Quantum3D has a video output and
the Amethyst daughtercard is eliminated.
184.108.40.206 Obsidian 100SB-4440
Obsidian 100SB-4440 puts the two-card SLI Obsidian 100DB-4440 mentioned
above on one card SLI. This design is very Niubility.
1.3 Orchid Technology
Nov. 6, 1995 Orchid Technology announced the development of a 3D game
board for consumers based on Voodoo graphics.
March 20, 1996 Micronics Computers, Inc. and its wholly owned
subsidiary, Orchid Technology, today announced a strategic alliance with
3Dfx Interactive, Inc. to develop an integrated system solution for the
arcade game industry and peripheral products for the personal computer
market. Orchid Technology will develop its "Righteous 3D" TM graphics
accelerator card based on the 3Dfx Voodoo chipset and Glide API.
October 3,1996 Righteous 3D ships to direct sales customers. （NEWS from www.orchid.com）
1.3.1 Righteous 3D BIOS version Engineering sample
Orchid as the earliest partner of 3DFX. When March 20, 1996 (9612 weeks)
announced the development of Righteous 3D graphics cards, the earliest
Obsidian green version of our 3DFX collection graphics cards (9615
weeks) had not yet been finalized. Righteous 3D's FCCID:
DDS7EFF06964M3DFX was approved on July 24, 1996 (9630 weeks). The
general FCCID certification takes about three weeks, so it seems that
Righteous 3D is 9626 weeks finalized, which is almost the same as 9625
weeks of 3DFX finalization date. The Righteous 3D promotional image
below is the one that has passed FCCID certification. It can be seen
that Righteous 3D was originally designed with BIOS.
The following Righteous 3D
BIOS version graphics card PCB date is 9626 weeks, which is the earliest
non-3Dfx original engineering sample graphics card. This version of the
Righteous 3D graphics card ended up not retailing.
1.3.2 Righteous 3D Triode version
Righteous 3D is commercialized in the Triode version.
1.3.3 Righteous 3D later version
Triode for Righteous 3D graphics cards was later cancelled.
Another feature of the Righteous 3D graphics card is the use of 2 Relay
switch. It is said that 2 Relay switch were canceled in the end. I have
not seen the real thing.
1.4 Diamond Multimedia
August 6, 1996 -- Diamond Multimedia Systems, Inc. at the Siggraph trade
show announced it will begin offering its new Monster 3D™ graphics
subsystem to OEMs looking to create high-performance PC gaming machines.
Monster 3D is expected to begin shipping to OEMs this month, a retail
version is planned for this Fall.
The release date of Diamond Monster 3D is later than October 3, 1996 of
Orchid Righteous 3D.
1.4.1 Monster 3D BIOS version
Monster 3D was originally designed as BIOS version like righteous 3D,
but it is commercialized.
220.127.116.11 Monster 3D Engineering sample
The following official image of Monster 3D is an engineering sample.
Monster 3D Engineering sample
18.104.22.168 Monster 3D Review sample
The FCCID of the Monster 3D graphics card: FTUPCI2184M, the time of
passing the certification after inquiries is 08/26/1996 , 9635weeks. The
official announcement date is August 6, which is 9632 weeks. The card
below is a Monster 3D review version graphics card with a PCB date of
9630, which will be finalized before the official announcement. The date
of the stamp on the PCB is 9634 weeks, indicating that this time has
been made. On October 3, 1996 (9640 weeks), Orchid officially released
the Voodoo card for the first time, and Diamond was later than this
date.This card is a pre release version of Review Sample.
The two chips on this card are early silver paint, not ordinary white
Monster 3D Review sample
22.214.171.124 Monster 3D 1996 version
The officially released Monster 3D 1996 version cancels the BIOS chip.
1.4.2 Monster 3D Triode version
Like orchid, diamond also developed the monster 3D triode version, but
in the end, it abandoned the triode and simplified it to the monster 3D
1997 version. .
Monster 3D Engineering sample
1.4.3 Monster 3D 1997 version
Monster 3D 1997 version sold more.
1.5 Skywell Technology
1.5.1 Magic 3D Plus
The graphics card that directly uses the 3Dfx Obsidian board type may
only be Skywell except Quantum3D. Magic 3D Plus graphics card uses
Obsidian pro with a simple design and 8MB video memory. There are very
few Voodoo cards with 8MB of video memory. The most common ones are 4MB
of video memory. There are not many cards with 6MB of video memory.
1.5.2 Magic 3D Plus1
The Magic 3D plus1 designed by skywell technology for 8MB video memory
is also powerful.
1.6 Village Tronic
1.6.1 3D Overdrive
Very alternative design, this Dual plane design may be inspired by
1.6.2 Mac Magic
MAC version of voodoo video card with 8MB video memory.
6MB video memory, with video output and cooling fan, pure 3D is popular.
The voodoo card with 6MB video memory is worth collecting.
3D Vulcan G
There are not many voodoo cards with video output in 4MB.
COMDEX, Las Vegas, November 18, 1996 - 3Dfx Interactive announced Voodoo
Rush, the next-generation of its critically-acclaimed Voodoo Graphics 3D
technology. The product is a low-cost, 3D graphics solution which allows
a seamless interface between the Voodoo Graphics chipset and Alliance
Semiconductor's ProMotion-AT3D PC multimedia accelerator. In addition,
Trident Microsystems, Inc., Macronix America, Inc., and Media Reality
Technologies, Inc. have also announced their intention to strike
strategic partnerships with 3Dfx similar to the current successful
relationship with Alliance.
Voodoo Rush incorporates critical 3D features, such as triangle setup,
Gouraud shading, bilinear and advanced filtering, Z-buffering,
alpha-blending, level-of-detail MIP mapping, and perspective-correct
texture mapping, which are essential for visually realistic
texture-mapped entertainment and authoring applications. Moreover,
Voodoo Rush simultaneously delivers these features with the triangle and
fill-rate performance necessary to achieve 30-plus frames per second.
In addition to its core 3D capabilities, Voodoo Rush also supports
unique special effects including texture compositing and morphing,
sub-pixel correction, texture animation, and per-pixel MIP mapping and
atmospheric effects such as transparency, fog, and haze. animation
January 6, 1997-3Dfx Interactive announced that Voodoo Rush will first
be used by Hercules Computer Technology, Inc. to make Stingray 128/3D
graphics cards.Other partners include Acclaim Entertainment, Diamond
Multimedia, Hewlett-Packard Company, Falcon Northwest, Interactive
Light, NEC Technologies, Micron, Orchid Technologies and
Voodoo Rush surpasses Voodoo in resolution, with a maximum resolution of
1600x1200. Due to the poor compatibility of the Rush chip, the 2D
performance is mediocre. At the same time, there are some compatibility
issues with the software in the 3D part. However, as 3Dfx's first
graphics card that can work independently, the production volume that
year was far less than Voodoo, still has a good collection value.
Pixel Processor TMU chip number 500-0004-02, 208 pins, still use Voodoo
chip. Texture Processors changed from Voodoo's FBI to FJR, the chip
number was changed from 500-0003-03 to 500-0005-04, and the number of
pins was changed from 240 to 208.
Technical specification of Voodoo rush（SST-96）:
Video memory capacity: 4/6/8MB (2/4MB Frame Buffer, 2/4MB texture
Bus type:EDO RAM
Bus interface: PCI
Core clock：50 MHz
Memory clock：50 MHz
Triangle processing speed/s:0.8-1M
Ramdac 180 MHz
Fab (nm)：500 nm
2. 1 Dfx
The 2D Graphics chip of Voodoo rush is provided by Alliance
Semiconductor and MXIC.
2.1.1 Alliance Semiconductor version
The earliest Voodoo rush graphics card was a Dual plane architecture
with a 2D main card and Voodoo rush daughter card. The 2D main card uses
Alliance Semiconductor Promotion AT3D/AT25 chip.
126.96.36.199 Dual plane
Voodoo Rush 4 MB prototype- Lower 2D PCB (manufactured by Alliance
Semiconductor) with Alliance AT3D chip dated 9629weeks, upper PCB with
Voodoo Rush chipset dated 9649weeks,PCB#600-0018-03.
188.8.131.52 Single plane
The PCB date of this Voodoo Rush Single plane is 9725weeks. Voodoo rush
graphics cards mostly use Single plane architecture.
2.1.2 MXIC version
This Voodoo rush reference board is co-developed by Macronix
International Co. Using the MX86251FC chip, the PCB date is 9732weeks.
Voodoo rush using MXIC Graphics chip is less than using Alliance
Semiconductor Graphics chip.
2.2 Hercules Computer Technology
Hercules Computer Technology, Inc. first cooperated with 3Dfx.
2.2.1 Stingray 128/3D Dual plane version
Stingray 128/3D Dual plane made some adjustments on the 3Dfx reference
board. In April 1997, Stingray 128/3D released.
2.2.1 Stingray 128/3D Single plane version
This board type is developed independently. Mainly sold Voodoo rush
2.3 Orchid Technology
Orchid Technology was involved in the research and development of Voodoo
rush very early, but the product failed to achieve the expected purpose
and gave up retail.
2.4 Diamond Multimedia
Diamond Multimedia also developed a Voodoo rush graphics card with its
own characteristics very early, but gave up due to many problems.
The above two unreleased and unsold Voodoo rush graphics cards are from
the G1nX collection. G1nX is a top computer hardware collector and also
has the earliest Obsidian green graphics card.
2.5.1 Vulcan B3D-FX1
The main card is designed independently, and the daughter card adopts
3Dfx's reference design PCB#600-0018-03.
2.5.2 Vulcan B3D-FX2
184.108.40.206 Engineering sample
220.127.116.11 Official product
Quantum3D Ventana graphics card has an expansion interface, you can
install a VOODOO TMU daughter card (SHADE), which seems to be a Voodoo2
graphics card with 2D output.
2.7 IO Data Equipment
Due to many problems with Voodoo Rush, there are very few independently
designed Voodoo Rush graphics cards.
GA-ATVR4/PCI is the research and development code, Engineering sample,
and the date on the BIOS is September 16, 1997 (9738 week), which is the
Voodoo rush that appeared later.
GA-ATVR4/PCI Engineering sample
GA-RUSH6/PCI is the official product model.
Winner 2000AVI/3D-2 is based on Voodoo Rush's reference design.
This ATC-2475 graphics card was disassembled from the same batch of
brand machines, which indirectly proves how poor Voodoo Rush's 3D
November 3, 1997 -- – 3Dfx Interactive, Inc. announced Voodoo 2
Voodoo2 is an expandable architecture with a base configuration of a
192-bit memory architecture and 2.2 Gigabytes per second of memory
bandwidth, delivering over 50 BOPS (Billions of Operations per Second).
This configuration delivers an incredible 3 million triangles per second
and 90 million dual-textured, bilinear-filtered, per-pixel MIP-mapped,
alpha-blended, Z-buffered pixels per second, over three times the
performance of the current Voodoo Graphics. Voodoo 2 contains a full
floating-point hardware triangle setup unit for maximum triangle
throughput on Pentium, Pentium Pro and Pentium II powered systems.
Voodoo 2 is also an AGP-capable technology designed to utilize the
higher bandwidth available through AGP and will support 3D games with
resolutions up to 1024 X 768.
Voodoo2 is the most popular 3D graphics card that pushes 3Dfx to the
top. The launch of Voodoo2 made 3dfx's dominance even more unshakable.
At that time, the performance of Voodoo2 made it difficult for opponents
to match. The Voodoo 2 chip consists of three independent processors,
one for polygon processing and two for texture mapping.
Technical specification of Voodoo2 （SST-2）:
Video memory capacity: 6 /8/12(2/4MB Frame Buffer, 4/6/8MB texture
Bus type:EDO RAM
Bus interface: PCI
Core clock：90 MHz
Memory clock：90 MHz
Triangle processing speed/s:3M
Fab (nm)：350 nm
3. 1 Dfx
Although the essence of the Voodoo2 graphics card is the optimization
and upgrade of the Voodoo graphics card and the addition of a TMU chip,
because the FBI chip pins are increased from 240 to 256, a special chip
evaluation board is still needed.
3.1.1 Voodoo2 chip evaluation board
There is no early Voodoo2 chip evaluation board, but its board type
should be close to Voodoo graphics card. Use one Pixel Processor
(Texture map unit, code name "BrucE"), chip number 500-0006-03, 208
pins; One Texture Processor (Frame buffer unit, code name "ChucK"), chip
number 500-0007-04 , 256 pins. The official chip number is
This PCB is dated 9819Weeks and is an evaluation board for the late
Voodoo2 chip. The chip number evaluated is 500-0012-31/500-0011-01. I
just don’t know how this new serial number has improved, why there is no
mass production and sales.
3.1.2 Voodoo2 reference board 6MB Earlier version
Voodoo2 graphics card released by 3Dfx in November 1997 is this version.
The picture was published in "Next Generation"-Jan 1998. The chip date
is 9741 weeks, between October 5-11, 1997, which is the day before the
release of the Voodoo2 graphic card, an earlier version of 3Dfx used for
test verification. There are two more examples of Voodoo2 graphic card
SLI connection in the picture. This unique method of SLI also makes
Voodoo2 graphic card the most memorable 3D graphic card.
3.1.3 Voodoo2 reference board 6MB Late version
The Voodoo2 graphic card below has a chip date of 9746 weeks and a PCB
board date of 9744 weeks. This version is a relatively mature reference
design, which is used by Diamond and Creative to make Voodoo2 graphic
card. Because the 6MB version of Voodoo2 graphic card has only a 640x480
resolution flaw, Imperial Diamond and Creative have wasted almost three
months and had to give up.
3.1.4 PCB#600-0027-01 version
This is the 8 / 12MB version of the Voodoo2 graphics card test
verification version, no outflow. Supported the mainstream 800x600
resolution at the time, and the SLI connection supported 1024x768
3.1.5 PCB#600-0027-02 version
Diamond and Creative both use this reference board to make Voodoo2
graphics cards. After that, many manufacturers also directly used this
design to make Voodoo2 graphics cards. The reference board of the
drawing is the Rev 2 version, the PCB date is 9808 weeks, and the chip
date is 9803/9806 weeks.
3.1.6 PCB#600-0027-03 version
The chip date on this reference board is 9816/9821 weeks, and the PCB
date is 9828 weeks. This version uses less material, and there may not
be any improvement in performance. However, it was adopted more by
manufacturers who entered Voodoo2 graphics card manufacturing later.
Creative did not use this version, but Diamond did some circuit
3Dfx has developed the AGP version of Voodoo2 graphics card as
scheduled, PCB DATE 9810weeks. Just Unreleased board.
3.1.8 V2 1000
3Dfx originally did not intend to enter the Voodoo2 graphics card
market, but when it acquired STB Systems on December 14, 1998 to prepare
for the sole production and sale of Voodoo3 graphics cards, it may be
possible to see STB's ready-made BlackMagic 3D production lines and
semi-finished products. While Voodoo2 graphics cards still have a
market, they will continue Produced BlackMagic 3D, but changed its name
to V2 1000.
18.104.22.168 STB BlackMagic 3D
STB has strong R & D capabilities as an old-fashioned graphics card
manufacturer. The Voodoo2 graphics card with a changed design uses
22.214.171.124.1 Engineering sample
The production date of the BlackMagic 3D Engineering sample is April 8,
1998. The practice of labeling "NOT FOR RESALE" on engineering samples
is adopted by 3Dfx.
126.96.36.199.2 Official product
188.8.131.52 3Dfx V2 1000
3Dfx approved the design of STB BlackMagic 3D. Only upgrading the
original double-sided 24 tablets of 0.5MB video memory to single-sided
12 tablets of 1MB video memory produced V2 1000, and even the reserved
space of the rear video memory was not cleared.
3.2. Creative Labs
December 1, 1997 Creative Labs announced 3D Blaster Voodoo2. January 20,
1998 Creative Labs first vendor to release Voodoo 2 on public.
Creative graphic cards have a six-digit product version number, the
first two digits are the version and the last four digits are the
production date (week). The following describes these 3D Blaster Voodoo2
graphic cards based on the Creative product version number.
3.2.1 3D Blaster Voodoo2 00974? version
The promotional image on this Creative 3D Blaster Voodoo2 box is the 6MB
version. In fact, it is an engineering sample made directly using the
3Dfx Voodoo2 reference board 6MB later version.
3.2.2 3D Blaster Voodoo2 00975? version
Creative Labs 3D Blaster Voodoo2 engineering samples made based on
3Dfx's 600-0027-02 reference board, no physical picture was found.
3.2.3 3D Blaster Voodoo2 019804 version
Creative Labs 3D Blaster Voodoo2 graphics card announced the date is
January 20, 1998 (9804 weeks). On February 20, 1998 (9808 weeks), the
12MB version of Voodoo2 graphics card was released first.
184.108.40.206 Review sample
This 3D Blaster Voodoo2 was first sold, and part of it was recycled due
to a bug in the chip. The chip date is very early 9803/9801 weeks, which
is earlier than the chip on the 3Dfx reference board, and the PCB board
date is 9808 weeks; this card does not indicate the product version
number and product model, and the product serial number is different
from other retail cards.
3D Blaster Voodoo2 Review sample
The product version number "019804" in the lower left corner of the
front of the graphics card indicates the "01" version, and the
finalization date is "9804" week. The PCB board date of this 3D Blaster
Voodoo2 is 9807 weeks, which is the earliest production date of the
official product PCB board, and the chip date is 9803/9804 weeks.
3D Blaster Voodoo2
The above two early versions have the label 600-0027-02 on the back,
which means that the design comes from the 600-0027-02 reference board
of 3Dfx. The common version cancels this mark.
3D Blaster Voodoo2
3.2.4 3D Blaster Voodoo2 029827 version
The second version of the Creative does not see any obvious changes, but
only the codes FM1 to FM13 are printed, I do not know what they
3.3 Diamond Multimedia
Diamond Multimedia has established a good relationship with 3Dfx since
the Voodoo era. In the Voodoo2 era, Diamond always got the 3Dfx
reference board before Creative, but it was Creative half a second
slower in marketing. Perhaps the imperial alliance of that period was
too much for perfection.
Each version of Monster 3D II has a Part No., which I will discuss
separately based on Part No. below.
3.3.1 Monster 3D II 22150105-003 version
Diamond obtained the 3Dfx Voodoo2 reference board 6MB later version and
developed its own version. The picture below is the earliest engineering
sample of monster 3D II.
This version was not released in the market but was distributed in small
quantities. The picture below is from the graphics card of "Diamond
Monster 3D II-More Than a Worthy Successor" (Thomas Pabst). The text
says "After the literally cool Diamond Monster Party (at freezing 4
degrees centigrade) in Paris on January 29, 1998, I was lucky enough to
be one of the few that returned home with a Monster 3D II in my hand
3.3.2 Monster 3D II 22150105-004 version
3Dfx then released the 8 / 12MB version. In order to hurry, Diamond
cloned directly to the 004 version.
"Monster 3D II USER'S GUIDE" is attached with the FCC certification of
Monster 3D II, and has passed the Monster 3D II certification submitted
by Diamond on February 13, 1998 with Part No. 22150105-004.
3.3.3 Monster 3D II 22150105-005 version
February 2, 1998 Diamond announced Monster 3D II .The Monster 3D II was
the first Voodoo2 board ever technically reviewed. The technical review
was passed on March 9 before the release of Monster 3D II.
220.127.116.11 Monster 3D II Engineering sample
"Monster 3D II USER'S GUIDE" also contains pictures of engineering
samples of Monster 3D II REV 1.
18.104.22.168 Monster 3D II Qualification Sample
The PCI interfaces of the above two Monster 3D II engineering samples
are not all gold fingers, but the PCI interface of the Monster 3D II
graphics card in the official announcement of the Emperor League is Full
PCI connection finger. The Voodoo2 chip date on the card is 9803/9804
22.214.171.124 Monster 3D II Review sample
The Monster 3D II full gold finger version PCB date is 9808, and the
chip date is 9804, which is a Review sample.
126.96.36.199 Monster 3D II 8Mb
The first version of the Diamond is 8MB. This version is not
significantly different from the 3Dfx reference board, except that there
are two pairs of rectangular marks on the back of the card. The earlier
9808/9809 week versions were compared with the 3Dfx reference board and
later Monster 3D II versions, with one R99 resistor less.
188.8.131.52 Monster 3D II 12Mb
Diamond released a 12MB version later.
184.108.40.206 Monster 3D II SLI secondary card
Diamond also sold a unique SLI dedicated secondary card for two Voodoo2
3.3.4 22150105-006 version
This version is less, but there is no major change from the previous
version. The only visible difference is the choice of the two rows of
resistors on the left of the “Rev” logo. It seems to be a jumper that
can support overclocking to 110MHz. The annotation of "XJXJ2" has also
3.3.5 22150105-008 version Engineering sample
This version is an Engineering sample that adjusts the circuits near the
SLI interface. Maybe the upgrade is limited and it is not officially
mass-produced. The PCB date is 9818 weeks. It can be seen that after the
sale, Diamond has been tirelessly optimizing. Diamond and Creative are
really going at two extremes.
3.3.6 22150105-007 verison
This version lacks information and can only be speculated and placed
behind version 008. According to version 008, it is speculated that
version 007 is a simple adjustment to the circuit on the left of the
version number on the back of the card. However, this adjustment had
little effect. Only one R12 resistor was retained in the 008 version,
and it was abandoned in the 009 version.
3.3.7 22150105-009 version
This version is the least, it is based on the absorption of the 008
version of the correction to enhance the low-pass filter circuit, I do
not know how much effect on image quality improvement. But Diamond 's
continuous enterprising spirit in pursuit of product performance
improvement is particularly respectable.
Quantum3d Obsidain2 200SBi- Two Voodoo2's in SLI mode on one PCB.
3.5 IO Data Equipment
IO Data Equipment GA-VD2/PCI-1,The longest and fullest Voodoo2 graphics
Canopus PURE 3D II is the smallest Voodoo2 graphics card with video
output and a cooling fan.
3.7 Micro Conversions
Micro Conversions Game Wizard is version for Apple computers using DB15
The design of Procomp G111 that can expand 8MB of video memory to 12MB
is very challenging.
PCB#600-0027-02B of Mohock 3D II seems to be a reference board specially
designed by 3Dfx for single-sided video memory version. The logo of the
chip is changed from "3Dfx" to "3dfx", the chip date is 0005 week/0007
week, and the PCB date is 0010 week. On this date, Voodoo5 will be
available for sale.
June 22,1998 - 3DFx Interactive, Inc introduced Voodoo Banshee.Voodoo
Banshee is 3Dfx' first combined 2D/3D solution comes with typical
3Dfx-features. It supports the well known and widely used Glide engine,
3Dfx' proprietary 3D engine that is very easy to program and using only
pretty little CPU power. This makes Banshee the only 2D/3D chip that can
take advantage of all the game titles using Glide. Banshee comes in a
PCI as well as AGP version, but the AGP version is only able to take
advantage of AGP's faster DMA bandwidth. Banshee is not at all able to
use any of the real AGP features like AGP texturing, AGP 1x or 2x.
Voodoo Banshee and Voodoo2’s 3D core are very close, however with two
major differences. Banshee has only got one texture unit as opposed to
two texture units in Voodoo2. This means a disadvantage for Banshee in
games that are using a feature called `multi texturing' .
On the other hand is Banshee running at a higher core clock than
Voodoo2, resulting in a higher fill rate, which makes games that don't
use `multi-texturing' run faster on Banshee than on a single Voodoo2.
The 3D quality of Voodoo Banshee is identical to Voodoo2, meaning that
it doesn't have a more than 16 bit deep Z-buffer and cannot do real
32-bit color rendering either.
Technical specification of Voodoo Banshee:
Video memory capacity:8/16MB
Bus interface: PCI/AGP
Core clock：100 MHz
Memory clock：100 MHz
Triangle processing speed/s:4M
Fab (nm)：350 nm
4.1.1 Voodoo Banshee Chip Evaluation Board
This is the middle and late Banshee chip evaluation board, the PCB date
is 9824weeks, and the AGP interface.
The chip is 500-0008-04, the date is 9823weeks, and it is packaged in a
0.35 micron BGA.
This is the Voodoo Banshee chip evaluation board in the middle and late
stages of the PCI interface.
This 3Dfx graphics card was labeled with Maxi Gamer Phoenix graphics
card by Guillemot International as an official promotional image.
Guillemot International actually uses PCB#600-0034-04 reference board.
4.1.2 Voodoo Banshee Reference board
Voodoo Banshee reference boards have many types, mainly the following
AGP interface, 16MB SDRAM video memory, PCB date 9834 weeks. The chip is
the official version 500-0013-03, and the date is 9835weeks.
AGP interface, 16MB SGRAM video memory, 9835weeks, chip is 500-0013-04,
date is 9849weeks.
PCI interface, 16MB SGRAM video memory, PCB date 9836 weeks.
PCI interface, 16MB SDRAM video memory. Seen in Osckhar's collection,
his 3Dfx graphics card engineering samples are complete. After all, he
took over the 3Dfx museum, starting with the earliest Obsidian green
version of the 3Dfx engineering sample graphics cards.
4.2 Creative Labs
Creative Labs first to release 3Dfx Banshee chip graphics card-3D
Blaster Banshee, shipped at the end of September 1998 (9840 weeks).
4.2.1 3D Blaster Banshee PCI
The first 3D Blaster Banshee PCI on sale uses the 3Dfx PCB#600-0045-01
reference board, and it is finalized in 9834 weeks.
4.2.2 3D Blaster Banshee AGP
The 3D Blaster Banshee AGP, which will be released later, is a
self-designed version and the only 3Dfx chip graphics card independently
designed by Creative Labs.
220.127.116.11 Engineering sample
The finalization number of this engineering sample is 009829, which is
finalized in the 29th week of 1998. The PCB date is 9837 weeks.
18.104.22.168 Official product
4.3 Diamond Multimedia
The initial design of Monster Fusion series graphics cards is based on
3Dfx reference boards, and there are also independent designs. Two
versions were finally mass-produced. It went on sale in early November
4.3.1 Monster Fusion AGP
Partially adjusted based on 3Dfx PCB#600-0043-01 reference board.
22.214.171.124 Engineering sample
126.96.36.199 Qualification Sample
188.8.131.52.1 REV 2
184.108.40.206.1 REV 4 BIOS V1.00E
220.127.116.11.1 REV 4
PCB date is 9835 weeks.
18.104.22.168 Official product
4.3.2 Monster Fusion PCI
22.214.171.124 Engineering sample
This is a castrated version of 3Dfx's PCB#600-0034-03 version. But this
SGRAM version was finally abandoned, and the self-designed SDRAM version
126.96.36.199 Official product
Quantum3D Raven graphics cards are common, based on the 3Dfx Banshee
ASUS Banshee graphics card is VIVO design, video output is cancelled at
retail, as is the high-end AGP-V3200/16M.
4.6 IO Data Equipment
GA-VDB16/PCI-1 has a unique design.
4.7 PMC Ltd
Banshee graphics cards have a video output design, but there are very
few cards that really have video output. The Pace3D edge graphics card
is directly made with the PCB#600-0033-03 evaluation board.
4.8 Village Tronic
MP850 is Apple's Banshee graphics card with bright colors.
4.9.1 Lightspeed 3300 review sample
This PCB marked Pc2A Lightspeed 3300 graphics card is undoubtedly a
review sample, the PCB date is 9841 weeks, and the graphics card
production date is 9842 weeks. The BIOS version is 1.2, and the official
version is 1.5.
4.9.2 Lightspeed 3300
The production date of the Lightspeed 3300 graphics card below is 9906
weeks. After 3Dfx acquired STB, it still sells Lightspeed 3300 graphics
cards to fill the transition period before Voodoo3 retail.
STB is an important partner of nVidia. From the first launch of Riva128
chip graphics card to the era of riva TNT graphics card, it has a very
close relationship with nVidia. The cooperation with 3Dfx is relatively
plain. On February 20, 1998, Creative Labs first released the Voodoo2
chip graphics card. STB’s Voodoo2 chip graphics card was still in the
engineering sample stage on April 8. At the end of September 1998 (9840
weeks) Creative Labs Voodoo Banshee chip graphics cards had already been
shipped. At 9842 weeks, STB Voodoo Banshee chip graphics card is still a
review sample. The acquisition of STB by 3Dfx on December 14, 1998 (9851
weeks) may have the purpose of suppressing nVidia, but it was mainly to
create a grand blueprint for the post-Voodoo era.
of 3Dfx Graphics cards Vol.2